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The division provides a forum for focused technical dialogue on thermal hydraulic technology in the nuclear industry. Specifically, this will include heat transfer and fluid mechanics involved in the utilization of nuclear energy. It is intended to attract the highest quality of theoretical and experimental work to ANS, including research on basic phenomena and application to nuclear system design.
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
The blossoming of cooperation between the U.S. and Canada
The United States and Canadian nuclear industries used to be an example of how two independent teams of engineers facing an identical problem—making electricity from uranium—could come up with completely different answers. In the 1950s, Canada began designing a reactor with tubes, heavy water, and natural uranium, while in the U.S. it was big pots of light water and enriched uranium.
But 80 years later, there is a remarkable convergence. The North American push for a new generation of nuclear reactors, mostly small modular reactors (SMRs), is becoming binational, with U.S. and Canadian companies seeking markets and regulatory certification on both sides of the border and in many cases sourcing key components in the other country.
Leon Leenders, Udo Wehmann, Christopher Grove, Kevin Hesketh, Winfried Zwermann
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 178 | Number 4 | December 2014 | Pages 509-523
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.13182/NSE14-15
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The zero-power reactor VENUS (Vulcain Experimental Nuclear Study) was built in 1963–1964 at CEN-SCK, Mol, Belgium, as a nuclear mock-up of a projected spectral shift marine reactor called VULCAIN. The facility was modified in 1966 and 1967 in preparation for carrying out a series of critical experiments for the Belgian Plutonium Recycle Programme (PRP), which was partially supported by EURATOM. This was the VENUS-PRP program that took place between 1967 and 1975. VENUS-PRP-9 and VENUS-PRP-9/1, and VENUS-PRP-7 were two series of these PRP configurations that were carried out in 1967–1968 and that have recently been subject to evaluations as part of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Nuclear Energy Agency International Reactor Physics Experiment Evaluation Project (IRPhEP). The VENUS-PRP-9 and VENUS-PRP-9/1 configurations focused on the study of the power distribution across the boundary between a standard UO2 fuel region, enriched to 4 wt% 235U, and a mixed oxide fuel region made of UO2, enriched to 3 wt% 235U with ∼1 wt% PuO2, simulating a one-cycle burnt fuel. The IRPhEP evaluation focused on evaluating reaction rates and powers measured along a line that crossed the boundary between the two regions. In the VENUS-PRP-7, VENUS-PRP-7/1, and VENUS-PRP-7/3 series—which used essentially the same fuel pins—reactivities, reactivity worths of substituted and removed fuel pins, and radial fission rate distributions were measured; these quantities were evaluated in the framework of the IRPhEP project.