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The blossoming of cooperation between the U.S. and Canada
The United States and Canadian nuclear industries used to be an example of how two independent teams of engineers facing an identical problem—making electricity from uranium—could come up with completely different answers. In the 1950s, Canada began designing a reactor with tubes, heavy water, and natural uranium, while in the U.S. it was big pots of light water and enriched uranium.
But 80 years later, there is a remarkable convergence. The North American push for a new generation of nuclear reactors, mostly small modular reactors (SMRs), is becoming binational, with U.S. and Canadian companies seeking markets and regulatory certification on both sides of the border and in many cases sourcing key components in the other country.
Edward W. Larsen, Blake W. Kelley
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 178 | Number 1 | September 2014 | Pages 1-15
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.13182/NSE13-47
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The coarse-mesh finite difference (CMFD) and the coarse-mesh diffusion synthetic acceleration (CMDSA) methods are widely used, independently developed methods for accelerating the iterative convergence of deterministic neutron transport calculations. In this paper, we show that these methods have the following theoretical relationship: If the standard notion of diffusion synthetic acceleration as a fine-mesh method is straightforwardly generalized to a coarse-mesh method, then the linearized form of the CMFD method is algebraically equivalent to a CMDSA method. We also show theoretically (via Fourier analysis) and experimentally (via simulations) that for fixed-source problems, the CMDSA and CMFD methods have nearly identical convergence rates. Our numerical results confirm the close theoretically predicted relationship between these methods.