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NC State celebrates 70 years of nuclear engineering education
An early picture of the research reactor building on the North Carolina State University campus. The Department of Nuclear Engineering is celebrating the 70th anniversary of its nuclear engineering curriculum in 2020–2021. Photo: North Carolina State University
The Department of Nuclear Engineering at North Carolina State University has spent the 2020–2021 academic year celebrating the 70th anniversary of its becoming the first U.S. university to establish a nuclear engineering curriculum. It started in 1950, when Clifford Beck, then of Oak Ridge, Tenn., obtained support from NC State’s dean of engineering, Harold Lampe, to build the nation’s first university nuclear reactor and, in conjunction, establish an educational curriculum dedicated to nuclear engineering.
The department, host to the 2021 ANS Virtual Student Conference, scheduled for April 8–10, now features 23 tenure/tenure-track faculty and three research faculty members. “What a journey for the first nuclear engineering curriculum in the nation,” said Kostadin Ivanov, professor and department head.
J. Tommasi, G. Noguere
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 160 | Number 2 | October 2008 | Pages 232-241
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.13182/NSE160-232
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The PROFIL and PROFIL-2 experiments, performed in the Phénix demonstration fast reactor, irradiated 130 small separate samples containing almost pure isotopes. These highly accurate experiments are a very specific and powerful source of information on the nuclear data of major and minor actinides and several fission products. Their analysis is carried out using the ERANOS-2.1 code system associated to JEFF-3.1 cross-section, fission yield, and decay data. The consistency of the results demonstrates the overall good quality of the actinide nuclear data and experimental techniques used and points out where specific improvement is necessary: fission yields of 235U on neodymium isotopes (5% bias) and integral capture cross sections of the actinides 232Th, 234U, 242Pu, 244Cm, 246Cm (more than 10% bias), 233U, 237Np, 241Pu, and 243Am (bias between 5 and 10%). The optimal values of the branching ratios for 241Am capture (0.85 on 242gAm and 0.15 on 242mAm) are consistent with the latest evaluation data in the fast neutron range. A similar analysis characterized the degree of accuracy of the integral capture cross sections of 19 fission products. Two new experiments of the same kind have been irradiated in Phénix and will undergo dissolutions and isotopic analyses. When they are completed, the analysis of the results will provide additional useful data in both a standard and a slightly moderated neutron spectrum.