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Nuclear Criticality Safety
NCSD provides communication among nuclear criticality safety professionals through the development of standards, the evolution of training methods and materials, the presentation of technical data and procedures, and the creation of specialty publications. In these ways, the division furthers the exchange of technical information on nuclear criticality safety with the ultimate goal of promoting the safe handling of fissionable materials outside reactors.
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Nuclear Technology searches for a new technical editor
At the recent ANS Annual Meeting, Andrew Klein, the current editor of ANS’s journal Nuclear Technology, announced his retirement at the end of his term in June 2023. ANS is looking for qualified members who are interested in becoming the next technical editor of the journal. The selected person will be appointed “editor-designate” and will work with Dr. Klein for a period of time before taking over the full editor’s role.
Klein, professor emeritus at Oregon State University and past ANS president, took over the duties of technical editor in 2015, a few years before his term as ANS president. During his tenure as editor, Dr. Klein has raised NT ’s reputation for technical excellence and arranged a schedule of twelve issues annually covering the most important topics in nuclear technology.
E. Fridman, E. Shwageraus, A. Galperin
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 159 | Number 1 | May 2008 | Pages 37-47
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.13182/NSE07-34
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Coupled Monte Carlo depletion systems provide a versatile and an accurate tool for analyzing advanced thermal and fast reactor designs for a variety of fuel compositions and geometries. The main drawback of Monte Carlo-based systems is a long calculation time imposing significant restrictions on the complexity and amount of design-oriented calculations. This paper presents an alternative approach to interfacing the Monte Carlo and depletion modules aimed at addressing this problem. The main idea is to calculate the one-group cross sections for all relevant isotopes required by the depletion module in a separate module external to Monte Carlo calculations. Thus, the Monte Carlo module will produce the criticality and neutron spectrum only, without tallying of the individual isotope reaction rates. The one-group cross section for all isotopes will be generated in a separate module by collapsing a universal multigroup (MG) cross-section library using the Monte Carlo calculated flux. Here, the term "universal" means that a single MG cross-section set will be applicable for all reactor systems and is independent of reactor characteristics such as a neutron spectrum; fuel composition; and fuel cell, assembly, and core geometries. This approach was originally proposed by Haeck et al. and implemented in the ALEPH code.Implementation of the proposed approach to Monte Carlo burnup interfacing was carried out through the BGCORE system. One-group cross sections generated by the BGCORE system were compared with those tallied directly by the MCNP code. Analysis of this comparison was carried out and led to the conclusion that in order to achieve the accuracy required for a reliable core and fuel cycle analysis, accounting for the background cross section (0) in the unresolved resonance energy region is essential.An extension of the one-group cross-section generation model was implemented and tested by tabulating and interpolating by a simplified 0 model. A significant improvement of the one-group cross-section accuracy was demonstrated.