ANS is committed to advancing, fostering, and promoting the development and application of nuclear sciences and technologies to benefit society.
Explore the many uses for nuclear science and its impact on energy, the environment, healthcare, food, and more.
The division's objectives are to promote the advancement of knowledge and understanding of the fundamental physical phenomena characterizing nuclear reactors and other nuclear systems. The division encourages research and disseminates information through meetings and publications. Areas of technical interest include nuclear data, particle interactions and transport, reactor and nuclear systems analysis, methods, design, validation and operating experience and standards. The Wigner Award heads the awards program.
2020 ANS Annual Meeting
June 8–11, 2020
Online Virtual Meeting
The Standards Committee is responsible for the development and maintenance of voluntary consensus standards that address the design, analysis, and operation of components, systems, and facilities related to the application of nuclear science and technology. Find out What’s New, check out the Standards Store, or Get Involved today!
Latest Magazine Issues
Latest Journal Issues
Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
Base for second Hinkley Point C reactor completed
Concrete pour at the Hinkley Point C2 reactor. Photo: EDF Energy
Workers at the Hinkley Point C nuclear construction project in the United Kingdom have completed the 49,000-ton base for the station’s second reactor, Unit C2, hitting a target date set more than four years ago, according to EDF Energy.
Brenden T. Mervin, Scott W. Mosher, John C. Wagner, G. I. Maldonado
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 173 | Number 3 | March 2013 | Pages 276-292
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.13182/NSE11-104
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
It is well-known that statistical estimates obtained from Monte Carlo criticality simulations can be adversely affected by cycle-to-cycle correlations in the fission source, which can lead to estimates of statistical uncertainties that are lower than the true uncertainty by a factor of 5 or more. However, several other more fundamental issues such as adequate source sampling over the fissionable regions and source convergence can have a significant impact on the uncertainties for the calculated eigenvalue and localized tally means, and these issues may be mistaken for effects resulting from cycle-to-cycle correlations. In worst-case scenarios, the uncertainty may be underpredicted by a factor of 40 or more. Since Monte Carlo methods are widely used in criticality safety applications and are increasingly being used for benchmarking reactor analyses, an in-depth understanding of the effects of these issues must be developed in order to support the practical use of Monte Carlo software packages.A rigorous statistical analysis of eigenvalue and localized tally results in Monte Carlo criticality calculations is presented using the SCALE/KENO-VI (continuous-energy version) and MCNP codes. The purpose of this analysis is to investigate the underprediction of uncertainty and its sensitivity to problem characteristics and calculational parameters using two of the most widely used Monte Carlo criticality codes. For the problems considered here, which are fuel rod and fuel assembly problems with reflecting boundary conditions on all four horizontal sides, we show that adequate source convergence along with proper specification of Monte Carlo parameters can reduce the magnitude of uncertainty underprediction to reasonable levels, below a factor of 2 in most cases.