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NC State celebrates 70 years of nuclear engineering education
An early picture of the research reactor building on the North Carolina State University campus. The Department of Nuclear Engineering is celebrating the 70th anniversary of its nuclear engineering curriculum in 2020–2021. Photo: North Carolina State University
The Department of Nuclear Engineering at North Carolina State University has spent the 2020–2021 academic year celebrating the 70th anniversary of its becoming the first U.S. university to establish a nuclear engineering curriculum. It started in 1950, when Clifford Beck, then of Oak Ridge, Tenn., obtained support from NC State’s dean of engineering, Harold Lampe, to build the nation’s first university nuclear reactor and, in conjunction, establish an educational curriculum dedicated to nuclear engineering.
The department, host to the 2021 ANS Virtual Student Conference, scheduled for April 8–10, now features 23 tenure/tenure-track faculty and three research faculty members. “What a journey for the first nuclear engineering curriculum in the nation,” said Kostadin Ivanov, professor and department head.
Cheikh M. Diop, Mireille Coste-Delclaux, Sébastien Lahaye
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 170 | Number 1 | January 2012 | Pages 87-97
Technical Note | dx.doi.org/10.13182/NSE10-94TN
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
In the frame of neutral-particle (neutron, gamma) transport, the uncertainty propagation calculation regarding the uncertainties on cross sections is often carried out without explicitly taking into account their probabilistic distribution. We investigate a new uncertainty propagation formalism where the cross-section uncertainty distributions are represented by probability tables.This technical note develops this approach for the steady-state slowing-down equation without upscattering and in an infinite medium. This work is based on a deterministic multiband formalism that takes into account multilevel probability tables for cross sections. The first level represents the variation of cross sections versus lethargy (or energy) in each group of the multigroup lethargy mesh and thus corresponds to the classical cross-section probability tables. The higher levels represent the uncertainties on each step of the first-level cross-section probability table. This method is validated against a Monte Carlo calculation in a case of neutron slowing down in a 238U-hydrogen homogeneous mixture, showing fully consistent numerical results. The main interest of the deterministic multilevel multiband formalism is that it gives not only the mean value and the variance but also a probabilistic distribution of the fluxes.In the near future, we plan to investigate more deeply the robustness of this new approach in relation to high values of cross-section uncertainties and to introduce cross-section uncertainty correlations as well. Meanwhile, the promise of this work is its extension to the general transport steady-state equation solved by the discrete ordinates (SN) or Monte Carlo methods.