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NC State celebrates 70 years of nuclear engineering education
An early picture of the research reactor building on the North Carolina State University campus. The Department of Nuclear Engineering is celebrating the 70th anniversary of its nuclear engineering curriculum in 2020–2021. Photo: North Carolina State University
The Department of Nuclear Engineering at North Carolina State University has spent the 2020–2021 academic year celebrating the 70th anniversary of its becoming the first U.S. university to establish a nuclear engineering curriculum. It started in 1950, when Clifford Beck, then of Oak Ridge, Tenn., obtained support from NC State’s dean of engineering, Harold Lampe, to build the nation’s first university nuclear reactor and, in conjunction, establish an educational curriculum dedicated to nuclear engineering.
The department, host to the 2021 ANS Virtual Student Conference, scheduled for April 8–10, now features 23 tenure/tenure-track faculty and three research faculty members. “What a journey for the first nuclear engineering curriculum in the nation,” said Kostadin Ivanov, professor and department head.
A. Gruel, P. Leconte, D. Bernard, P. Archier, G. Noguère
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 169 | Number 3 | November 2011 | Pages 229-244
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.13182/NSE10-113
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
To take into account the reactivity loss in spent fuels, an experimental program was set up in 1993 at CEA-Cadarache, France, oscillating separated fission products (FPs) in the MINERVE reactor. Reactivity worth measurements of small samples allow the extraction of information about nuclear data of the studied isotopes. A fully validated calculation scheme has been implemented to interpret pile-oscillation measurements. Therefore, calculation over experiment ratios can be accurately transposed to trends in the integral capture cross section of the FPs. With the European JEFF3.1.1 library, results show a discrepancy below 3% for several nuclides: 155Gd, 149, 152Sm, 143Nd, and 95Mo, but improvements may be needed for some others: 133Cs, 103Rh, 99Ru, and 153Eu. Based on the Integral Data Assimilation technique, we propose new thermal cross-section values, (348 ± 14) b and (42 478 ± 1793) b, for two of the most absorbing nuclides, 143Nd and 149Sm, respectively.