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NC State celebrates 70 years of nuclear engineering education
An early picture of the research reactor building on the North Carolina State University campus. The Department of Nuclear Engineering is celebrating the 70th anniversary of its nuclear engineering curriculum in 2020–2021. Photo: North Carolina State University
The Department of Nuclear Engineering at North Carolina State University has spent the 2020–2021 academic year celebrating the 70th anniversary of its becoming the first U.S. university to establish a nuclear engineering curriculum. It started in 1950, when Clifford Beck, then of Oak Ridge, Tenn., obtained support from NC State’s dean of engineering, Harold Lampe, to build the nation’s first university nuclear reactor and, in conjunction, establish an educational curriculum dedicated to nuclear engineering.
The department, host to the 2021 ANS Virtual Student Conference, scheduled for April 8–10, now features 23 tenure/tenure-track faculty and three research faculty members. “What a journey for the first nuclear engineering curriculum in the nation,” said Kostadin Ivanov, professor and department head.
Wei Ji, William R. Martin
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 169 | Number 1 | September 2011 | Pages 19-39
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.13182/NSE10-73
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
In this paper the chord method is applied to the computation of Dancoff factors for doubly heterogeneous stochastic media, characteristic of prismatic and pebble bed designs of the Very High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor (VHTR), where TRISO fuel particles are randomly distributed in fuel compacts or fuel pebbles that are arranged in a full core configuration. Previous work has shown that a chord length probability distribution function (PDF) can be determined analytically or empirically and used to model VHTR lattices with excellent results. The key observation is that once the chord length PDF is known, Dancoff factors for doubly heterogeneous stochastic media can be expressed as closed-form expressions that can be evaluated analytically for infinite and finite media and semianalytically for a collection of finite media.Based on the assumption that the chord length PDF in the moderator region between two fuel kernels in a VHTR compact or pebble is exponential, which was shown to be an excellent approximation in previous work, closed-form expressions for Dancoff factors are derived for a range of configurations from infinite stochastic media to finite stochastic media, including multiple finite stochastic media in a background medium (e.g., a pebble bed core). Numerical comparisons with Monte Carlo benchmark results demonstrate that the closed-form expressions for the Dancoff factors for VHTR configurations are accurate over a range of packing fractions characteristic of prismatic and pebble bed VHTRs.