ANS is committed to advancing, fostering, and promoting the development and application of nuclear sciences and technologies to benefit society.
Explore the many uses for nuclear science and its impact on energy, the environment, healthcare, food, and more.
Nuclear Installations Safety
Devoted specifically to the safety of nuclear installations and the health and safety of the public, this division seeks a better understanding of the role of safety in the design, construction and operation of nuclear installation facilities. The division also promotes engineering and scientific technology advancement associated with the safety of such facilities.
2021 Student Conference
April 8–10, 2021
The Standards Committee is responsible for the development and maintenance of voluntary consensus standards that address the design, analysis, and operation of components, systems, and facilities related to the application of nuclear science and technology. Find out What’s New, check out the Standards Store, or Get Involved today!
Latest Magazine Issues
Latest Journal Issues
Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
NC State celebrates 70 years of nuclear engineering education
An early picture of the research reactor building on the North Carolina State University campus. The Department of Nuclear Engineering is celebrating the 70th anniversary of its nuclear engineering curriculum in 2020–2021. Photo: North Carolina State University
The Department of Nuclear Engineering at North Carolina State University has spent the 2020–2021 academic year celebrating the 70th anniversary of its becoming the first U.S. university to establish a nuclear engineering curriculum. It started in 1950, when Clifford Beck, then of Oak Ridge, Tenn., obtained support from NC State’s dean of engineering, Harold Lampe, to build the nation’s first university nuclear reactor and, in conjunction, establish an educational curriculum dedicated to nuclear engineering.
The department, host to the 2021 ANS Virtual Student Conference, scheduled for April 8–10, now features 23 tenure/tenure-track faculty and three research faculty members. “What a journey for the first nuclear engineering curriculum in the nation,” said Kostadin Ivanov, professor and department head.
Tomasz Kozlowski, Yunlin Xu, Thomas J. Downar, Deokjung Lee
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 169 | Number 1 | September 2011 | Pages 1-18
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.13182/NSE08-85
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
For practical reactor core applications, low-order transport approximations such as SP3 have been shown to provide sufficient accuracy for both static and transient calculations with considerably less computational expense than the discrete ordinate or the full spherical harmonics methods. These methods have been applied in several core simulators where homogenization was performed at the level of the pin cell. One of the principal problems has been to recover the error introduced by pin cell homogenization. One of the basic approaches to treat pin cell homogenization error is pin cell discontinuity factors (CDFs) based on well-established generalized equivalence theory to generate appropriate group constants. The method is able to treat all sources of error together, allowing even a few-group diffusion solution with one mesh per cell to reproduce a higher-order reference solution. However, a CDF has to be derived separately for each space-angle approximation. An additional difficulty is that in practice the CDFs have to be derived from a lattice calculation from which only the scalar flux and current are available, and therefore recovery of the exact SPN angular moment is not possible. This paper focuses on the pin cell scale homogenization. It demonstrates derivation of the CDF for the SP3 transport method with finite-difference spatial discretization with the limitation of only the scalar flux and interface current being available from the heterogeneous reference. The method is demonstrated using a sample benchmark application.