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NC State celebrates 70 years of nuclear engineering education
An early picture of the research reactor building on the North Carolina State University campus. The Department of Nuclear Engineering is celebrating the 70th anniversary of its nuclear engineering curriculum in 2020–2021. Photo: North Carolina State University
The Department of Nuclear Engineering at North Carolina State University has spent the 2020–2021 academic year celebrating the 70th anniversary of its becoming the first U.S. university to establish a nuclear engineering curriculum. It started in 1950, when Clifford Beck, then of Oak Ridge, Tenn., obtained support from NC State’s dean of engineering, Harold Lampe, to build the nation’s first university nuclear reactor and, in conjunction, establish an educational curriculum dedicated to nuclear engineering.
The department, host to the 2021 ANS Virtual Student Conference, scheduled for April 8–10, now features 23 tenure/tenure-track faculty and three research faculty members. “What a journey for the first nuclear engineering curriculum in the nation,” said Kostadin Ivanov, professor and department head.
Ho Jin Park, Hyung Jin Shim, Chang Hyo Kim
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 167 | Number 3 | March 2011 | Pages 196-208
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.13182/NSE09-106
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
A new formulation aimed at quantifying uncertainties of Monte Carlo (MC) tallies such as keff and the microscopic reaction rates as well as nuclide number density estimates in MC depletion analysis is presented. It is shown that when the two major MC inputs - the microscopic cross sections and nuclide number densities - are assumed to have uncertainties, the variance of a given MC tally used as a measure of its uncertainty in this formulation arises from four sources: the statistical uncertainty of the MC tally, uncertainties of microscopic cross sections and nuclide number densities, and the cross correlations between them and the latter three contributions can be determined by computing correlation coefficients between uncertain variables. It is also shown that the variance of any given nuclide number density at the end of each depletion time step (DTS) stems from uncertainties of the nuclide number densities and microscopic reaction rates of nuclides at the beginning of each DTS, and they are determined by computing correlation coefficients between these two uncertain variables. The new formulation is incorporated into the Monte Carlo Code for Advanced Reactor Design (McCARD) of Seoul National University, and a McCARD depletion analysis for a U-TRU-Zr fuel assembly is performed to examine quantitatively the uncertainty propagation behavior of MC tallies such as k and the number densities of actinides as a function of DTS. The results demonstrate that the formulation is useful not only for quantifying the uncertainty propagation analysis in MC depletion analysis but also for identifying the types of nuclear cross-section data that need to be improved to obtain a more reliable incineration physics analysis of the transuranium fuel.