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Isotopes & Radiation
Members are devoted to applying nuclear science and engineering technologies involving isotopes, radiation applications, and associated equipment in scientific research, development, and industrial processes. Their interests lie primarily in education, industrial uses, biology, medicine, and health physics. Division committees include Analytical Applications of Isotopes and Radiation, Biology and Medicine, Radiation Applications, Radiation Sources and Detection, and Thermal Power Sources.
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April 8–10, 2021
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NC State celebrates 70 years of nuclear engineering education
An early picture of the research reactor building on the North Carolina State University campus. The Department of Nuclear Engineering is celebrating the 70th anniversary of its nuclear engineering curriculum in 2020–2021. Photo: North Carolina State University
The Department of Nuclear Engineering at North Carolina State University has spent the 2020–2021 academic year celebrating the 70th anniversary of its becoming the first U.S. university to establish a nuclear engineering curriculum. It started in 1950, when Clifford Beck, then of Oak Ridge, Tenn., obtained support from NC State’s dean of engineering, Harold Lampe, to build the nation’s first university nuclear reactor and, in conjunction, establish an educational curriculum dedicated to nuclear engineering.
The department, host to the 2021 ANS Virtual Student Conference, scheduled for April 8–10, now features 23 tenure/tenure-track faculty and three research faculty members. “What a journey for the first nuclear engineering curriculum in the nation,” said Kostadin Ivanov, professor and department head.
Susumu Naito, Makoto Takemura, Shungo Sakurai, Mikio Izumi, Yasushi Goto, Yoshiji Karino
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 166 | Number 2 | October 2010 | Pages 107-117
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.13182/NSE09-99
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
To simplify in-core instrumentation in a next-generation boiling water reactor (BWR), we study an ex-core nuclear instrumentation system. As a first step of this study, we focused on ex-core local power monitoring, which is especially difficult because neutrons inside a core cannot fly out of a reactor pressure vessel (RPV) due to shielding of fuel, water, etc., except when they are generated in the outer edges of the core. To resolve this, we created a local power monitoring method with neutron streaming pipes (NSPs). An NSP is a gas-filled pipe of size comparable to an instrumentation tube of an existing BWR. NSPs are axially inserted into the core. In-core neutrons are transported to the RPV through NSPs. The neutrons transmitted through the RPV are monitored with ex-core neutron sensors. We analytically evaluated the applicability of this NSP method for an advanced BWR (ABWR) with a three-dimensional BWR core simulator and the MCNP5 code. The ex-core neutron flux through the NSP was highly proportional to local power (1.0% of the residual standard deviation). The flux amount and the linearity gave feasible specifications for the ex-core neutron sensor in typical operation modes (pulse, Campbell, and current modes). Therefore, the NSP method is applicable to an ABWR.