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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
Trump leaves space nuclear policy executive order for Biden team
A hot fire test of the core stage for NASA’s Space Launch System rocket at Stennis Space Center in Mississippi was not completed as planned. The SLS is the vehicle meant to propel a crewed mission to the moon in 2024. Source: NASA Television
Among the executive orders President Trump issued during his last weeks in office was “Promoting Small Modular Reactors for National Defense and Space Exploration,” which builds on the Space Policy Directives published during his term. The order, issued on January 12, calls for actions within the next six months by NASA and the Department of Defense (DOD), together with the Department of Energy and other federal entities. Whether the Biden administration will retain some, all, or none of the specific goals of the Trump administration’s space nuclear policy remains to be seen, but one thing is very clear: If deep space exploration remains a priority, nuclear-powered and -propelled spacecraft will be needed.
The prospects for near-term deployment of nuclear propulsion and power systems in space improved during Trump’s presidency. However, Trump left office days after a hot fire test of NASA’s Space Launch System (SLS) rocket did not go as planned. The SLS rocket is meant to propel crewed missions to the moon in 2024 and to enable a series of long-duration lunar missions that could be powered by small lunar reactor installations. The test on January 16 of four engines that were supposed to fire for over eight minutes was automatically aborted after one minute, casting some doubt that a planned November 2021 Artemis I mission can go ahead on schedule.
A. J. H. Donné
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 57 | Number 2 | February 2010 | Pages 393-400
Diagnostics | Proceedings of the Ninth Carolus Magnus Summer School on Plasma and Fusion Energy Physics | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST10-A9430
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The ITER environment imposes many challenges for the various diagnostic systems. At the one hand diagnostic functionalities are required that go well beyond those at present devices. This is because there is a need to actively control (the profiles of) multiple plasma parameters, implying that measurement systems should be accurate and reliable. At the other hand the application of diagnostics at ITER is strongly hampered by constraints arising from the relatively harsh environmental conditions that give rise to phenomena that are new to the diagnostic designs. The nuclear environment puts stringent demands on the engineering and robustness of diagnostics, while the long pulse lengths require high stability of all systems. This paper will present an overview of the diagnostics for ITER with an additional glance in the further future.