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Decommissioning & Environmental Sciences
The mission of the Decommissioning and Environmental Sciences (DES) Division is to promote the development and use of those skills and technologies associated with the use of nuclear energy and the optimal management and stewardship of the environment, sustainable development, decommissioning, remediation, reutilization, and long-term surveillance and maintenance of nuclear-related installations, and sites. The target audience for this effort is the membership of the Division, the Society, and the public at large.
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
New polls show substantial support for nuclear energy
Sixty percent of respondents in a recent national survey favored the use of nuclear energy, with only 25 percent opposing its use. While the latest Bisconti Research poll focuses on nuclear power and electricity generation, its findings on public interest in climate change and using a spectrum of sources to meet energy needs are consistent with a recent Pew Research Center poll on a broad set of energy policy and climate change topics. The approaches the two online surveys took to measuring public opinion on nuclear energy yielded different numbers but found some common ground.
A. V. Ovcharov, M. B. Rozenkevich, A. N. Perevezentsev
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 56 | Number 4 | November 2009 | Pages 1462-1470
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST56-1462
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
This paper presents a program to simulate performance of a liquid phase catalytic exchange (LPCE) column of a water detritiation facility based on combined electrolysis and catalytic exchange (CECE) technology over a wide range of deuterium contents in a feed stream. The program uses rate constants of the chemical isotopic exchange reactions between gaseous hydrogen and water vapor occurring on a hydrophobic catalyst and the mass transfer rate between water vapor and the film of liquid water on packing material in the LPCE column, which have been measured experimentally using a specially developed method and at a low concentration of deuterium in a three-isotope mixture. The effect of the deuterium presence on the kinetics of isotopic exchange reactions and the performance of the LPCE column are taken into account considering several possible mechanisms that can control the overall rate of reaction. Selection of the most suitable mechanism was carried out by comparing the simulations with the results of an experimental test with a large deuterium content.The simulation program allows calculation of isotope profiles in streams of liquid water, water vapor, and gaseous hydrogen along the LPCE column over a very wide range of isotopic compositions and for CECE facilities of several different layouts.