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April 8–10, 2021
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Fusion Science and Technology
NC State celebrates 70 years of nuclear engineering education
An early picture of the research reactor building on the North Carolina State University campus. The Department of Nuclear Engineering is celebrating the 70th anniversary of its nuclear engineering curriculum in 2020–2021. Photo: North Carolina State University
The Department of Nuclear Engineering at North Carolina State University has spent the 2020–2021 academic year celebrating the 70th anniversary of its becoming the first U.S. university to establish a nuclear engineering curriculum. It started in 1950, when Clifford Beck, then of Oak Ridge, Tenn., obtained support from NC State’s dean of engineering, Harold Lampe, to build the nation’s first university nuclear reactor and, in conjunction, establish an educational curriculum dedicated to nuclear engineering.
The department, host to the 2021 ANS Virtual Student Conference, scheduled for April 8–10, now features 23 tenure/tenure-track faculty and three research faculty members. “What a journey for the first nuclear engineering curriculum in the nation,” said Kostadin Ivanov, professor and department head.
Kenji Okuno, Sachiko Suzuki, Hirotada Ishikawa, Takumi Hayashi, Toshihiko Yamanishi, Yasuhisa Oya
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 56 | Number 2 | August 2009 | Pages 799-803
Safety and Environment | Eighteenth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (Part 2) | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST09-A9007
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Temperature dependence of oxide layer formation on hydrogen isotope retention in stainless steel type 316 was studied by TDS and XPS. The shape of TDS spectrum was clearly changed by the oxide formation temperature. The chemical states of iron, chromium and oxygen were also evaluated by XPS. The surface oxide layer was composed of iron and oxygen and the contribution of chromium was quite low. The ratio of oxide layer on stainless steel increased as increasing the annealing temperature. The deuterium retention trapped by the oxide layer, which corresponded to the desorption temperature of 600-800 K, was governed by the ratio of oxide layer, especially iron hydroxide. All of the iron was not oxidized and the saturation ratio of iron oxide to pure iron existed in the stainless steel. It was concluded that the saturation of deuterium retention trapped by the oxide layer was controlled by the amount of iron oxide in the oxide layer.