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Fusion Science and Technology
Metz on Harold Denton: Memories of a life in nuclear safety
A number of years ago, historian and writer Chuck Metz Jr. was at the Bush’s Visitor Center in Tennessee’s Great Smoky Mountains when he ran into former Nuclear Regulatory Commission official Harold Denton and his wife. Metz was at the visitor center, which opened in 2010 and is now a tourist hotspot, because, as he explained to the Dentons at the time, he had overseen the development of its on-site museum and had written a companion coffee-table history book.
The chance meeting turned into a friendship and a fruitful collaboration. Denton, who in 1979 was the public spokesperson for the NRC as the Three Mile Island-2 accident unfolded, had been working on his memoir, but he was stuck. He asked Metz for help with the organization and compilation of his notes. “I was about to retire,” Metz said, “but I thought that exploring the nuclear world might be an interesting change of pace.”
Denton passed away in 2017, but by then Metz had spent many hours with his fast friend and was able to complete the memoir, Three Mile Island and Beyond: Memories of a Life in Nuclear Safety, which was published recently by ANS. Metz shared some of his thoughts about Denton and the book with Nuclear News. The interview was conducted by NN’s David Strutz.
Kenji Okuno, Sachiko Suzuki, Hirotada Ishikawa, Takumi Hayashi, Toshihiko Yamanishi, Yasuhisa Oya
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 56 | Number 2 | August 2009 | Pages 799-803
Safety and Environment | Eighteenth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (Part 2) | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST09-A9007
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Temperature dependence of oxide layer formation on hydrogen isotope retention in stainless steel type 316 was studied by TDS and XPS. The shape of TDS spectrum was clearly changed by the oxide formation temperature. The chemical states of iron, chromium and oxygen were also evaluated by XPS. The surface oxide layer was composed of iron and oxygen and the contribution of chromium was quite low. The ratio of oxide layer on stainless steel increased as increasing the annealing temperature. The deuterium retention trapped by the oxide layer, which corresponded to the desorption temperature of 600-800 K, was governed by the ratio of oxide layer, especially iron hydroxide. All of the iron was not oxidized and the saturation ratio of iron oxide to pure iron existed in the stainless steel. It was concluded that the saturation of deuterium retention trapped by the oxide layer was controlled by the amount of iron oxide in the oxide layer.