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This division promotes the development and timely introduction of fusion energy as a sustainable energy source with favorable economic, environmental, and safety attributes. The division cooperates with other organizations on common issues of multidisciplinary fusion science and technology, conducts professional meetings, and disseminates technical information in support of these goals. Members focus on the assessment and resolution of critical developmental issues for practical fusion energy applications.
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Fukiushima Daiichi: 10 years on
The Fukushima Daiichi site before the accident. All images are provided courtesy of TEPCO unless noted otherwise.
It was a rather normal day back on March 11, 2011, at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant before 2:45 p.m. That was the time when the Great Tohoku Earthquake struck, followed by a massive tsunami that caused three reactor meltdowns and forever changed the nuclear power industry in Japan and worldwide. Now, 10 years later, much has been learned and done to improve nuclear safety, and despite many challenges, significant progress is being made to decontaminate and defuel the extensively damaged Fukushima Daiichi reactor site. This is a summary of what happened, progress to date, current situation, and the outlook for the future there.
A. Ibrahim, D. L. Henderson, L. A. El-Guebaly, P. P. H. Wilson, M. E. Sawan, ARIES Team
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 56 | Number 2 | August 2009 | Pages 726-730
Nuclear Analysis | Eighteenth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (Part 2) | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST09-A8994
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The effects of neutron streaming through the divertor He-access pipes of the ARIES compact stellarator fusion power plant on the shielding performance of its components were investigated in this analysis. A 3-D analysis for the most promising design of the He-access pipe with shielding plug and inserts indicated that neutron attenuation through the shielded pipe is not sufficient to eliminate the issue of neutron streaming. The results show that the damage exceeded the limits near the pipe for the manifold, vacuum vessel, and magnet. Precautions should be taken that include changing the pipe design and orientation, avoiding rewelding the manifold and vacuum vessel near the pipe, and/or relocating the magnet away from the pipe. The neutron flux behind the pipe is excessive, mandating additional local shield (∼1 m) to protect the externals.