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April 8–10, 2021
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
NC State celebrates 70 years of nuclear engineering education
An early picture of the research reactor building on the North Carolina State University campus. The Department of Nuclear Engineering is celebrating the 70th anniversary of its nuclear engineering curriculum in 2020–2021. Photo: North Carolina State University
The Department of Nuclear Engineering at North Carolina State University has spent the 2020–2021 academic year celebrating the 70th anniversary of its becoming the first U.S. university to establish a nuclear engineering curriculum. It started in 1950, when Clifford Beck, then of Oak Ridge, Tenn., obtained support from NC State’s dean of engineering, Harold Lampe, to build the nation’s first university nuclear reactor and, in conjunction, establish an educational curriculum dedicated to nuclear engineering.
The department, host to the 2021 ANS Virtual Student Conference, scheduled for April 8–10, now features 23 tenure/tenure-track faculty and three research faculty members. “What a journey for the first nuclear engineering curriculum in the nation,” said Kostadin Ivanov, professor and department head.
G. H. Miley, H. Hora, B. Malekynia, M. Ghoranneviss
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 56 | Number 1 | July 2009 | Pages 384-390
IFE Target Design | Eighteenth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (Part 1) | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST09-A8931
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Block ignition was proposed recently as a possible alternate approach to fast ignition for ICF fusion. This approach uses a modified petawatt-picosecond (PW-ps) laser pulse shape where the prepulse is strongly suppressed. This results in highly directed plasma blocks due to nonlinear (ponderomotive) force acceleration with space charge neutral ion current densities above 1011 Amp/cm2. This allows ignition of deuterium-tritium targets at densities somewhat above solid state density. However, a key issue has been the need to reduce the extremely high thresholds for the high energy flux densities of the blocks as pointed out in a related theory by Bobin and Chu in 1972. Here we show how the threshold can be reduced by a factor up to 20 by two effects. An important contribution comes from the inhibition factor for thermal conductivity due to electric double layers created in the block process. The second effect is the reduction to the stopping length, giving increased heating by the fusion product alpha due to collective interactions in the blocks. Results from including these effects in a hydrodynamic analysis are presented. The advantage of this approach for an ICF fusion reactor is the relaxed pre-compression requirement for high gain.