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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
Fukiushima Daiichi: 10 years on
The Fukushima Daiichi site before the accident. All images are provided courtesy of TEPCO unless noted otherwise.
It was a rather normal day back on March 11, 2011, at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant before 2:45 p.m. That was the time when the Great Tohoku Earthquake struck, followed by a massive tsunami that caused three reactor meltdowns and forever changed the nuclear power industry in Japan and worldwide. Now, 10 years later, much has been learned and done to improve nuclear safety, and despite many challenges, significant progress is being made to decontaminate and defuel the extensively damaged Fukushima Daiichi reactor site. This is a summary of what happened, progress to date, current situation, and the outlook for the future there.
B. J. Le Garrec, G. L. Bourdet, V. Cardinali
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 56 | Number 1 | July 2009 | Pages 369-374
High Average Power Laser and Other IFE R&D | Eighteenth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (Part 1) | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST09-A8929
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The real advantage of the laser driver as compared to other drivers is its ability to provide a high quality focal spot on target. Heat generation in solid-state media has always been recognized as a limiting feature because at high repetition rate, the quality of this focal spot depends on the beam wave-front distortions. It is not easy to design the driver baseline because there are too many different parameters to deal with. In this paper, we introduce two figures of merit that show that Yb doped ceramics (either garnets or sesquioxides) are promising laser materials opening new fields during the research phase to demonstrate ignition and fusion gain (including the fast ignitor concept). When driven at low temperature (cryogenic cooling), all of the operational features of the laser amplifier can be demonstrated at an aperture scale of only 10-15 cm.