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Human Factors, Instrumentation & Controls
Improving task performance, system reliability, system and personnel safety, efficiency, and effectiveness are the division's main objectives. Its major areas of interest include task design, procedures, training, instrument and control layout and placement, stress control, anthropometrics, psychological input, and motivation.
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
New polls show substantial support for nuclear energy
Sixty percent of respondents in a recent national survey favored the use of nuclear energy, with only 25 percent opposing its use. While the latest Bisconti Research poll focuses on nuclear power and electricity generation, its findings on public interest in climate change and using a spectrum of sources to meet energy needs are consistent with a recent Pew Research Center poll on a broad set of energy policy and climate change topics. The approaches the two online surveys took to measuring public opinion on nuclear energy yielded different numbers but found some common ground.
James P. Blanchard, Qiyang Hu, Nasr Ghoniem
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 56 | Number 1 | July 2009 | Pages 341-345
High Average Power Laser and Other IFE R&D | Eighteenth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (Part 1) | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST09-A8925
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Dry wall laser IFE chambers will experience large, transient heat and particle fluxes as the target yield products reach the wall. These threats, consisting of x-rays, ions, and neutrons, can lead to wall failure caused by transient stresses or as a result of deposited ions in the near-surface layer. We have developed a unified model for the calculation of temperatures, stresses, strains, and fracture behavior in a solid IFE chamber wall. The model is also coupled with ion transport sub-models that assess the effects of ions on the morphology of the wall materials. This paper describes the models incorporated into the new unified simulation and, in particular, presents new fracture models that permit fracture calculations without the need for an advanced finite element calculation. This fracture model assumes that an array of surface cracks is present in the wall surface and uses superposition to calculate the stress intensity factor via a numerical integration of the stress profile computed for an un-cracked geometry. We also describe approaches for computing the stresses due to inertial effects resulting from the rapid heating associated with the IFE threats. In some cases, these inertial effects lead to stress waves that can lead to premature wall damage and must be accounted for in the analysis. This model is based on semi-analytical solutions for stress waves due to shallow heating in a relatively thick solid. The combined thermomechanical model gives us detailed understanding of the fundamental mechanics of rapidly heated surfaces.