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Prepare for the nuclear PE exam with online modules and a practice exam
The next opportunity to earn professional engineer (P.E.) licensure in nuclear engineering is this fall. Now is the time to sign up and begin studying with the help of a new online module program from the American Nuclear Society.
Y. Ueda, H. Kashiwagi, M. Fukumoto, Y. Ohtsuka, N. Yoshida
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 56 | Number 1 | July 2009 | Pages 85-90
Divertor and High Heat Flux Components | Eighteenth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (Part 1) | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST09-A8881
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Simultaneous irradiation effects of He on tungsten blistering with hydrogen and carbon mixed ion beam were investigated. It was found that only 0.1% addition of He ions to 1 keV H and C mixed ion beam (C:0.8-1.0%) reduced (at 473 K) or completely suppressed (at 653 K and 723 K) blister formation. In order to obtain more detailed result, two ion sources were used to irradiate tungsten with H and He ions with different energies. In the He energy of 0.6 keV (1.5 keV H&C),significant blistering was observed, while in the He energies of 1.0 keV and 1.5 keV, blister formation was suppressed. These results suggested that a He bubble layer reduced hydrogen diffusion through the layer. A He bubble size and a volume rate were about 1-2 nm and ~2% at 653 K, respectively. To evaluate T retention in the ITER tungsten wall, this effect should be included.