Current results are described on the research and development of an advanced anti-personnel landmine detection system by using a compact discharge-type fusion neutron source called IECF (Inertial-Electrostatic Confinement Fusion). Landmines are to be identified through backscattering of neutrons, and specific-energy capture -rays by hydrogen and nitrogen atoms in the landmine explosives.

For this purpose, improvements in the IECF were made by various methods to achieve a drastic enhancement of neutron yields of more than 108 n/s in pulsed operation. This required R&D on the power source, as well as analysis of envisaged detection systems with multi-sensors. The results suggest promising and practical features for humanitarian landmine detection, particularly, in Afghanistan.