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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
NC State celebrates 70 years of nuclear engineering education
An early picture of the research reactor building on the North Carolina State University campus. The Department of Nuclear Engineering is celebrating the 70th anniversary of its nuclear engineering curriculum in 2020–2021. Photo: North Carolina State University
The Department of Nuclear Engineering at North Carolina State University has spent the 2020–2021 academic year celebrating the 70th anniversary of its becoming the first U.S. university to establish a nuclear engineering curriculum. It started in 1950, when Clifford Beck, then of Oak Ridge, Tenn., obtained support from NC State’s dean of engineering, Harold Lampe, to build the nation’s first university nuclear reactor and, in conjunction, establish an educational curriculum dedicated to nuclear engineering.
The department, host to the 2021 ANS Virtual Student Conference, scheduled for April 8–10, now features 23 tenure/tenure-track faculty and three research faculty members. “What a journey for the first nuclear engineering curriculum in the nation,” said Kostadin Ivanov, professor and department head.
Fuyumi Ito, Naotake Nakamura, Keiji Nagai, Mitsuo Nakai, Takayoshi Norimatsu
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 55 | Number 4 | May 2009 | Pages 465-471
Technical Paper | Eighteenth Target Fabrication Specialists' Meeting | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST09-A7428
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Low-density foam balls with a diameter of ~1 mm were produced from a density-matched emulsion consisting of a resorcinol-formaldehyde (RF) aqueous solution (W) and an exterior oil of carbontetrachloride/(mineral oil) (O). Phase-transfer catalysts such as an alkyl amine were dissolved in the exterior oil, following which the catalyst moved into the RF solution from the exterior oil. A gelation process was monitored by a complete gelation test. When the basic catalysts were used at room temperature as a phase-transfer catalyst, gelation occurred within 30 to 120 min, whereas when the acidic catalyst was used, gelation occurred within 20 to 30 min at room temperature. When ~0.39 wt% of triethylamine and tri(n-butyl)amine in the oil phase were used, complete gelation took place. A basic catalyst with a long alkyl chain such as dimethyl(n-hexyl)amine did not induce gelation. The gelated balls obtained using the basic catalyst with a short alkyl chain were dried by extraction using supercritical fluid CO2 and the solvent was replaced with 2-propanol to produce the foam structure. Except 0.39 wt% tri(n-butyl)amine, the basic catalysts yielded foam balls with higher densities of 173 to 184 mg/cm3 as compared to those obtained from a benzoic acid catalyst, namely, 158 mg/cm3. The density difference can be attributed to the inclusion of the basic catalyst in the RF solution. Scanning electron microscopy images revealed a surface membrane formation, which can be explained by local concentration at the W/O interface. The cell size of the bulk foam was observed to depend on the catalysts, and it was surmised that the cell sizes varied because of the different gelation rates. A smooth surface membrane tri(n-butyl)amine was used as a catalyst. The membrane obtained on using a basic phase-transfer catalyst was smoother than that obtained on using an acid catalyst. Such a smooth membrane is useful for coating the ablation layer of foam capsule targets.