ANS is committed to advancing, fostering, and promoting the development and application of nuclear sciences and technologies to benefit society.
Explore the many uses for nuclear science and its impact on energy, the environment, healthcare, food, and more.
Nuclear Installations Safety
Devoted specifically to the safety of nuclear installations and the health and safety of the public, this division seeks a better understanding of the role of safety in the design, construction and operation of nuclear installation facilities. The division also promotes engineering and scientific technology advancement associated with the safety of such facilities.
2021 Student Conference
April 8–10, 2021
The Standards Committee is responsible for the development and maintenance of voluntary consensus standards that address the design, analysis, and operation of components, systems, and facilities related to the application of nuclear science and technology. Find out What’s New, check out the Standards Store, or Get Involved today!
Latest Magazine Issues
Latest Journal Issues
Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
Researchers report fastest purification of astatine-211 needed for targeted cancer therapy
Astatine-211 recovery from bismuth metal using a chromatography system. Unlike bismuth, astatine-211 forms chemical bonds with ketones.
In a recent study, Texas A&M University researchers have described a new process to purify astatine-211, a promising radioactive isotope for targeted cancer treatment. Unlike other elaborate purification methods, their technique can extract astatine-211 from bismuth in minutes rather than hours, which can greatly reduce the time between production and delivery to the patient.
“Astatine-211 is currently under evaluation as a cancer therapeutic in clinical trials. But the problem is that the supply chain for this element is very limited because only a few places worldwide can make it,” said Jonathan Burns, research scientist in the Texas A&M Engineering Experiment Station’s Nuclear Engineering and Science Center. “Texas A&M University is one of a handful of places in the world that can make astatine-211, and we have delineated a rapid astatine-211 separation process that increases the usable quantity of this isotope for research and therapeutic purposes.”
The researchers added that this separation method will bring Texas A&M one step closer to being able to provide astatine-211 for distribution through the Department of Energy’s Isotope Program’s National Isotope Development Center as part of the University Isotope Network.
Details on the chemical reaction to purify astatine-211 are in the journal Separation and Purification Technology.
Y. Nakashima et al.
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 55 | Number 2 | February 2009 | Pages 38-45
Technical Paper | Seventh International Conference on Open Magnetic Systems for Plasma Confinement | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST09-A6980
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Detailed behavior of plasmas has been investigated in the course of an optimization phase of wall conditioning in the central-cell of GAMMA 10 tandem mirror. The results are described based on the visible image measurements using CCD camera together with H line-emission measurements in the central-cell. Three limiters are installed in the central-cell and the behavior of the plasmas near the each limiter is precisely observed in response to electron cyclotron heating (ECH) for potential formation. In an early stage of wall conditioning in GAMMA 10, plasma parameters obtained in standard hot ion mode plasmas are compared in cases of sustained plasma in ECH pulses and of collapsed one simultaneously with ECH. Dependence of gas puffing from the mirror throat in the central cell and of the diameter of limiters is also investigated on the plasma behavior in ECH. From the measured results, it is recognized that a significant upward shift of the plasma column and imbalance of the H intensity between east and west Iris-limiters cause the plasma collapse in ECH. A systematic analysis of the dependence on plasma durability in the number of wall conditioning shots, the position of the plasma just before the ECH injection and suitable quantity of gas puffing is necessary for stably sustaining the plasma during potential formation by ECH.