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Fusion Science and Technology
House Dems introduce clean energy bill for net zero
Democratic leaders in the House last week introduced the Climate Leadership and Environmental Action for our Nation’s Future Act (the CLEAN Future Act, or H.R. 1512), a nearly 1,000-page piece of climate change–focused legislation establishing, among other things, a federal clean electricity standard that targets a 50 percent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from 2005 levels by 2030 and net-zero emissions by 2050.
The bill, a draft version of which was released in January 2020, presents a sweeping set of policy proposals, both sector-specific and economy-wide, to meet those targets. The final version includes a number of significant revisions to bring the legislation into closer alignment with President Biden’s climate policy campaign pledges. For example, the bill’s clean electricity standard would require all retail electricity suppliers to provide 80 percent clean energy to consumers by 2030 and 100 percent by 2035. (A six-page fact sheet detailing the updates is available online.)
V. I. Volosov
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 47 | Number 1 | January 2005 | Pages 351-353
Technical Paper | Open Magnetic Systems for Plasma Confinement | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST05-A687
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Physical principles of recuperation (return) of charged particle energy in traps with rotating plasma are discussed. A specificity of these systems is that normally ion injection occurs due to ionization of neutral atoms in a volume with crossed fields. As this takes place, ions are accelerated in these fields in such way that the speed of cyclotron rotation equals the speed of azimuth drift of the plasma as a whole. A particle moves in the laboratory reference system along a cycloid, the ion energy being zero at the top point of the cycloid. This specificity of ion movement is used for recuperation of its energy when it leaves the trap. A two-stage recuperation scheme is considered. These stages are the ion's transition of the centrifugal barrier and collection of ions on the electrodes that form the radial electric field. The conditions for rather efficient realization of such recuperation are discussed.