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Fusion Science and Technology
House Dems introduce clean energy bill for net zero
Democratic leaders in the House last week introduced the Climate Leadership and Environmental Action for our Nation’s Future Act (the CLEAN Future Act, or H.R. 1512), a nearly 1,000-page piece of climate change–focused legislation establishing, among other things, a federal clean electricity standard that targets a 50 percent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from 2005 levels by 2030 and net-zero emissions by 2050.
The bill, a draft version of which was released in January 2020, presents a sweeping set of policy proposals, both sector-specific and economy-wide, to meet those targets. The final version includes a number of significant revisions to bring the legislation into closer alignment with President Biden’s climate policy campaign pledges. For example, the bill’s clean electricity standard would require all retail electricity suppliers to provide 80 percent clean energy to consumers by 2030 and 100 percent by 2035. (A six-page fact sheet detailing the updates is available online.)
A. A. Kabantsev, C. F. Driscoll
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 47 | Number 1 | January 2005 | Pages 263-266
Technical Paper | Open Magnetic Systems for Plasma Confinement | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST05-A658
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Weak axial variations in B(z) or (z) in "axisymmetric" plasma traps cause a fraction of the particles to be trapped axially, with a velocity-space separatrix between trapped and passing populations. The trapped and passing particles experience different dynamics in response to a variety of -asymmetries in the E × B rotating plasma, so a discontinuity in the velocity-space distribution f(v) tends to form at the separatrix. Collisional scatterings thus cause large fluxes as they smooth the distribution in a boundary layer near the separatrix. In essence, this separatrix dissipation damps the AC or DC longitudinal currents induced by plasma waves or confinement field asymmetries. This trapped-particlemediated damping and "neoclassical" particle transport often dominates in cylindrical pure electron plasmas, and may be important in other nominally symmetric open systems.