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Fusion Science and Technology
House Dems introduce clean energy bill for net zero
Democratic leaders in the House last week introduced the Climate Leadership and Environmental Action for our Nation’s Future Act (the CLEAN Future Act, or H.R. 1512), a nearly 1,000-page piece of climate change–focused legislation establishing, among other things, a federal clean electricity standard that targets a 50 percent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from 2005 levels by 2030 and net-zero emissions by 2050.
The bill, a draft version of which was released in January 2020, presents a sweeping set of policy proposals, both sector-specific and economy-wide, to meet those targets. The final version includes a number of significant revisions to bring the legislation into closer alignment with President Biden’s climate policy campaign pledges. For example, the bill’s clean electricity standard would require all retail electricity suppliers to provide 80 percent clean energy to consumers by 2030 and 100 percent by 2035. (A six-page fact sheet detailing the updates is available online.)
T. D. Akhmetov et al.
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 47 | Number 1 | January 2005 | Pages 167-170
Technical Paper | Open Magnetic Systems for Plasma Confinement | dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST05-A631
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The central solenoid of AMBAL-M was filled with a turbulent plasma stream generated by a source located outside the entrance magnetic throat, the plasma ~0.4 m in diameter, with density ~1.51013 cm-3, electron temperature ~50 eV and ion energy ~200 eV was obtained.Additional hydrogen puffing allowed plasma density increase. The plasma with a cold component from ionized gas and charge exchange ions was heated by electrostatic oscillations produced by the working source. At optimized gas puffing the plasma density was increased to 51013 cm-3 without substantial reduction of the ion temperature. No big differences in plasma properties were found between gas puffing through a gas-box and a ceramic tube.The plasma density increment was shown to depend only on the total amount of the injected gas. The experimental optimization was made for different values of solenoid magnetic field taking the diamagnetism into account.Neutral hydrogen distribution in the solenoid vacuum chamber and recycling rate were estimated from data of fast inverse magnetron gauges constructed in BINP.