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2020 ANS Virtual Winter Meeting
November 16–19, 2020
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Fusion Science and Technology
U.S. reactor technologies to be featured at IAEA conference
A virtual side event at the 64th General Conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency will spotlight U.S. reactor technologies. The free event, US Reactor Technologies: Flexible Energy Security for Real-World Challenges, will be held this Thursday, September 24, from 9:00 a.m. to 10:30 a.m. (EDT).
The event will highlight the capabilities of small modular reactors and other innovative reactors for addressing countries’ current needs. It will also examine anticipated challenges in the future, as well as underscore the need to act now.
The event is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Nuclear Energy. Advanced registration is required.
Kun Jie Yang, Yue-Lin Liu, Ning Liu, Peng Shao, Xu Zhang, Yuming Ma
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 76 | Number 5 | July 2020 | Pages 616-631
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2020.1740556
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
We performed systematically first-principles calculations to investigate interstitial H diffusion/permeation of temperature dependence in tungsten (W). The interstitial H diffusion is primarily through two nearest-neighbor tetrahedral positions and its activation energy increases significantly with rising temperature. Phonon vibration plays a decisive role in the behavior of the H activation energy with rising temperature. The H permeation activation energy also depends strongly on the temperature since it is the sum of the formation energy and diffusion activation energy of H. Our calculated H diffusivity/permeability with the temperature agree quantitatively with the reliable experimental data within the error range in W. The vacancy-capturing effect can give a reasonable explanation of the discrepancy between simulation and experiment. Although the diffusion/permeation activation energy and the prefactor strongly depend on the temperature, the diffusivity/permeability of H still obeys quasi-Arrhenius behavior with rising temperature, which is attributed to the compensation effect between the activation energy and the prefactor, i.e., the increment of the prefactor compensates directly the modification of the diffusivity/permeability in the case of a variation in the activation energy with rising temperature.