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2020 ANS Virtual Winter Meeting
November 16–19, 2020
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Fusion Science and Technology
U.S. reactor technologies to be featured at IAEA conference
A virtual side event at the 64th General Conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency will spotlight U.S. reactor technologies. The free event, US Reactor Technologies: Flexible Energy Security for Real-World Challenges, will be held this Thursday, September 24, from 9:00 a.m. to 10:30 a.m. (EDT).
The event will highlight the capabilities of small modular reactors and other innovative reactors for addressing countries’ current needs. It will also examine anticipated challenges in the future, as well as underscore the need to act now.
The event is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Nuclear Energy. Advanced registration is required.
Gregory C. Staack, David W. James
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 76 | Number 4 | May 2020 | Pages 471-474
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2020.1718839
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Hydride beds containing LaNi4.25Al0.75 (LANA.75) are used to store significant quantities of tritium. These hydride beds have a limited service life due to radiolytic decay of tritium to 3He within the metal matrix. The crystal structure of the hydride is altered by trapped 3He, which has a very low solubility in the metal. The altered structure induces the formation of a heel of trapped hydrogen isotopes and diminishes the reversible capacity of the hydride. With sufficient tritium exposure, the bed loses the ability to deliver 3He-free tritium, and replacement is needed. Demonstration of a means to regenerate tritium-aged LANA.75 in situ would delay or even eliminate the need to replace lanthanum nickel aluminum (LANA) hydride beds. This paper presents test results obtained during regeneration testing. The efficacy of regeneration testing was evaluated by comparing tritium desorption isotherms collected on the hydride before and after exposure to regeneration conditions. Testing was performed on a bench-scale tritium-aged LANA.75 sample that was previously isotopically exchanged (from tritium to deuterium), passivated, and recovered. Once transferred to a high-temperature test cell, the deuterium heel of the sample was isotopically exchanged with tritium, and a baseline desorption isotherm was collected for comparison purposes. The sample was then heated under vacuum, and comparative isotherms were gathered between regeneration evolutions. Shifts in isotherms show progressive improvements with higher-temperature exposure over the tritium-aged baseline. The heel was significantly reduced, and the reversible capacity of the hydride was essentially restored to near virgin values. For all tested conditions, the plateau pressure remained higher than virgin LANA.75.