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2020 ANS Virtual Winter Meeting
November 16–19, 2020
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Fusion Science and Technology
U.S. reactor technologies to be featured at IAEA conference
A virtual side event at the 64th General Conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency will spotlight U.S. reactor technologies. The free event, US Reactor Technologies: Flexible Energy Security for Real-World Challenges, will be held this Thursday, September 24, from 9:00 a.m. to 10:30 a.m. (EDT).
The event will highlight the capabilities of small modular reactors and other innovative reactors for addressing countries’ current needs. It will also examine anticipated challenges in the future, as well as underscore the need to act now.
The event is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Nuclear Energy. Advanced registration is required.
Nicolae Bidica, Anisia Bornea, Nicolae Sofilca, Ciprian Bucur, Marian Curuia
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 76 | Number 3 | April 2020 | Pages 275-283
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2019.1705751
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The control of tritium permeation through the structural materials of fusion reactors is an important safety issue, and because both deuterium and tritium are fuel constituents, the effects of isotopes have to be taken into account in permeation assessments. Although various mathematical models and experiments regarding hydrogen isotope permeation through metals have been carried out so far, there are still unresolved issues like those regarding synergistic isotope effects (by which an isotope influences the permeation of another isotope when multiple isotopes permeate simultaneously). Some controversial issues of other previous steady-state work have led us to set up a non-steady-state model for multi-isotope permeation in a surface-limited regime (SLR). The mathematical model and the results obtained by numerical simulation (which are published elsewhere) have shown that in contrast to some previous steady-state approaches, the permeation flux of a heavier isotope is not reduced by the presence of a lighter one; to the contrary, it is increased. This theoretical prediction has to be verified against experimental data, and this is the goal of future work. But, the differences between multi-isotope and single-isotope permeations are not so large, and some deviations of the experimental model from the assumptions of the theoretical model (like SLR, constant partial pressures in retentate, or vacuum on the permeate side) could affect the theoretical predictions or could lead to misinterpretations of the experimental data. Therefore, these kinds of deviations and their effects have been analyzed within this work with the aim of implementing, in the experimental model, appropriate measures to mitigate these undesirable effects. The conceptual design of the proposed experimental setup and a procedure for setting some key operating parameters (like flow rates and pressure of the purge gas) are also presented.