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Fusion Science and Technology
U.S. reactor technologies to be featured at IAEA conference
A virtual side event at the 64th General Conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency will spotlight U.S. reactor technologies. The free event, US Reactor Technologies: Flexible Energy Security for Real-World Challenges, will be held this Thursday, September 24, from 9:00 a.m. to 10:30 a.m. (EDT).
The event will highlight the capabilities of small modular reactors and other innovative reactors for addressing countries’ current needs. It will also examine anticipated challenges in the future, as well as underscore the need to act now.
The event is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Nuclear Energy. Advanced registration is required.
S. Welte, M. Sturm, D. Hillesheimer, L. T. Le, S. Schäfer, E. Fanghänel, F. Priester, A. Marsteller
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 76 | Number 3 | April 2020 | Pages 227-231
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2019.1705681
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The main task of the Tritium Laboratory Karlsruhe (TLK) in 2018 was the commissioning and First Tritium (FT) operation of the windowless gaseous tritium source (WGTS) of the Karlsruhe Tritium Neutrino (KATRIN) experiment. It was paramount to enable the FT measurement run of the KATRIN experiment, to yield first scientific results with the complete KATRIN beamline.
The aim of KATRIN is to determine the mass of the electron-antineutrino by precise spectroscopy of the tritium β-spectrum close to its maximum energy of 18.6 keV. KATRIN uses an ultraluminous source (WGTS) and a high-resolution electrostatic spectrometer. While the inner loop system of KATRIN has the task of providing stabilized tritium circulation with a throughput of 40 g·day−1 for the WGTS, the outer loop incorporates the entire TLK infrastructure for tritium cleanup, purification, and accountancy prior to reinjection of tritium into the inner loop.
For KATRIN’s FT run, ≈5 × 1013 Bq (2.3 × 10−2 mol) of tritium was provided in 3.2 mol of deuterium. In contrast to the high isotopic purity of >95% tritium necessary for future KATRIN operation, a concentration of 7 × 108 Bq·m−3 (resulting in 0.5% nominal source luminosity) had to be kept constant during the entire FT campaign. This required a processing scheme deviating from the later KATRIN outer loop processing procedure.
This paper describes the procedures used to supply the KATRIN inner loop with its FT gas. Furthermore, experience gained during operation of the different gas processing steps and tritium accountancy is presented.