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Fusion Science and Technology
U.S. reactor technologies to be featured at IAEA conference
A virtual side event at the 64th General Conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency will spotlight U.S. reactor technologies. The free event, US Reactor Technologies: Flexible Energy Security for Real-World Challenges, will be held this Thursday, September 24, from 9:00 a.m. to 10:30 a.m. (EDT).
The event will highlight the capabilities of small modular reactors and other innovative reactors for addressing countries’ current needs. It will also examine anticipated challenges in the future, as well as underscore the need to act now.
The event is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Nuclear Energy. Advanced registration is required.
Yuki Edao, Yasunori Iwai
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 76 | Number 2 | February 2020 | Pages 135-140
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2019.1704572
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
A passive catalytic reactor without heating is required to enhance the safety of a fusion facility. A precious metal catalyst without heating is not suitable to oxidize tritium under conditions of low hydrogen concentration and room temperature. In addition, under a moisture condition, tritium oxidation of a precious metal catalyst drops drastically since moisture adsorbs active sites on the surface of the catalyst. Hence, as a method of tritium oxidation under a moisture condition at room temperature, we have focused on bacterial oxidation of tritium by hydrogen-oxidizing bacteria in natural soil to realize a passive reactor. In this study, we investigated the effect of hydrogen concentration on tritium oxidation by hydrogen-oxidizing bacteria in natural soils to understand the characteristic of tritium oxidation by hydrogen-oxidizing bacteria from the viewpoint of engineering. In our experiment, efficiency of tritium oxidation by a natural soil was obtained at room temperature in the range of hydrogen concentration from 0.5 to 10 000 parts per million (ppm) under a moisture condition. The efficiency of tritium oxidation was the highest at a hydrogen concentration of 0.5 ppm, which equals the value of the hydrogen concentration in air. Our results show that hydrogen-oxidizing bacteria could efficiently oxidize tritium with a low concentration of hydrogen, at room temperature, with high moisture. This showed a tendency opposite to a metal catalyst. A bioreactor using hydrogen-oxidizing bacteria complemented a conventional catalytic reactor using a precious metal catalyst since hydrogen-oxidizing bacteria could oxidize tritium efficiently with a low concentration of hydrogen, at room temperature, with high moisture.