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2020 ANS Virtual Winter Meeting
November 16–19, 2020
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Fusion Science and Technology
U.S. reactor technologies to be featured at IAEA conference
A virtual side event at the 64th General Conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency will spotlight U.S. reactor technologies. The free event, US Reactor Technologies: Flexible Energy Security for Real-World Challenges, will be held this Thursday, September 24, from 9:00 a.m. to 10:30 a.m. (EDT).
The event will highlight the capabilities of small modular reactors and other innovative reactors for addressing countries’ current needs. It will also examine anticipated challenges in the future, as well as underscore the need to act now.
The event is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Nuclear Energy. Advanced registration is required.
Bin Chen, Jiangang Li, Yanlan Hu, Teng Wang, Chao Zhou
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 76 | Number 2 | February 2020 | Pages 95-101
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2019.1690927
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
High-temperature superconductor (HTS) current leads are important components of the EAST and CFETR tokamaks, which are responsible for operating the high parametric current. HTS current leads are made of Bi-2223/Ag-Au alloy tapes, which have the characteristics of slow quench propagation speed and weak quench signal. Traditional thermometers are easily damaged by the high voltage from the current leads, and the terminal voltage signal cannot reflect the hot spot changes of current leads in real time. In this paper, a novel quench detection method based on optical frequency domain reflection technology is proposed. Temperature variations of HTS can be obtained in real time by demodulating the Rayleigh scattered spectrum from the distributed optical fiber attached to the surface of HTS stacks. This paper describes a quenching experiment for one pair of 1-kA small current leads. The external thermal disturbance is increased to explore the quench propagation of HTS current leads under the condition of a self-field, 77 to 80 K air and conduction combined cooling method. From the experimental results, the temperature distribution map of the whole HTS lead is obtained. Compared with the quench voltage, the spectral shift of the fiber appeared to be about 2 s ahead, and the hot spot position can be located with 1-cm accuracy.