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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
A day in the life of the nuclear community
The November issue of Nuclear News is focused on the individuals who make up our nuclear community.
We invited a small group of those individuals to tell us about their day-to-day work in some of the many occupations and applications of nuclear science and technology, and they responded generously. They were ready to tell us about the part they play, together with colleagues and team members, in supplying clean energy, advancing technology, protecting safety and health, and exploring fundamental science.
In these pages, we see a community that can celebrate both those workdays that record progress moving at a steady pace and the exceptional days when a goal is reached, a briefing is delivered, a contract goes through, a discovery is made, or an unforeseen challenge is overcome.
The Nuclear News staff hopes that you enjoy meeting these members of our community—or maybe get reacquainted with friends—through their words and photos.
C. Fagan, M. Sharpe, W. T. Shmayda, W. U. Schröder
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 75 | Number 8 | November 2019 | Pages 1058-1063
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2019.1610308
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
In this work, Aluminum 6061-T6 samples were subjected to MIL-DTL-5541F type-I, class-3 anodic coatings, where a yellow irradiate finish was achieved. Both chromate-conversion coatings (CCCs) and unmodified samples were exposed to deuterium-tritium (PT = 0.51 atm) gas for 24 h at room temperature. Following loading, the samples were subjected to one of two desorption techniques: temperature-programmed desorption or a surface stripping technique. The results show that chromic-acid anodizing of aluminum dramatically increases the total quantity of tritium retained by the treated surface as compared to unmodified aluminum. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy studies of both treated aluminum and unmodified samples indicate that the CCCs contain significant quantities of hydrated chromium. Using transmission electron microscopy, the surface is shown to have significant cracking and fracturing of the film and leads to a highly grained and porous surface. Such surface defects coupled with the vast quantity of hydration sites are likely reasons for the increased retained tritium inventory observed for CCC samples. Because of the physical and chemical properties of unmodified CCC samples, they are not suitable for use in tritium environments.