ANS is committed to advancing, fostering, and promoting the development and application of nuclear sciences and technologies to benefit society.
Explore the many uses for nuclear science and its impact on energy, the environment, healthcare, food, and more.
Isotopes & Radiation
Members are devoted to applying nuclear science and engineering technologies involving isotopes, radiation applications, and associated equipment in scientific research, development, and industrial processes. Their interests lie primarily in education, industrial uses, biology, medicine, and health physics. Division committees include Analytical Applications of Isotopes and Radiation, Biology and Medicine, Radiation Applications, Radiation Sources and Detection, and Thermal Power Sources.
2021 Student Conference
April 8–10, 2021
North Carolina State University|Raleigh Marriott City Center
The Standards Committee is responsible for the development and maintenance of voluntary consensus standards that address the design, analysis, and operation of components, systems, and facilities related to the application of nuclear science and technology. Find out What’s New, check out the Standards Store, or Get Involved today!
Latest Magazine Issues
Latest Journal Issues
Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
A day in the life of the nuclear community
The November issue of Nuclear News is focused on the individuals who make up our nuclear community.
We invited a small group of those individuals to tell us about their day-to-day work in some of the many occupations and applications of nuclear science and technology, and they responded generously. They were ready to tell us about the part they play, together with colleagues and team members, in supplying clean energy, advancing technology, protecting safety and health, and exploring fundamental science.
In these pages, we see a community that can celebrate both those workdays that record progress moving at a steady pace and the exceptional days when a goal is reached, a briefing is delivered, a contract goes through, a discovery is made, or an unforeseen challenge is overcome.
The Nuclear News staff hopes that you enjoy meeting these members of our community—or maybe get reacquainted with friends—through their words and photos.
Paul W. Humrickhouse, Brad J. Merrill, Su-Jong Yoon, Lee C. Cadwallader
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 75 | Number 8 | November 2019 | Pages 973-1001
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2019.1658464
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
In this work we consider some of the safety implications of using liquid metal (LM) plasma-facing components (PFCs) in future fusion reactors. Candidate LMs include lithium, tin, and tin-lithium alloys, and we consider a modified Fusion Nuclear Science Facility design with a dual-cooled lead-lithium blanket and fast-flowing LM first wall and divertor consisting of each of these aforementioned metals. Tin and tin-lithium PFCs are found to have little impact on the potential source terms, including tritium and activation product releases during an accident as well as tritium permeation losses during normal operation, relative to the lead-lithium blanket. For a lithium PFC, chemical reactivity and high tritium inventories are additional concerns. We outline some necessary safety precautions for lithium systems and review the relevant operating experience of sodium-cooled fission reactors. Design constraints to keep the tritium inventory low in such a lithium system are outlined, including in the tritium extraction system, which will have to rely on different techniques than envisioned for other LMs such as PbLi, Sn, and SnLi, which have a much lower tritium solubility than lithium. Development of such extraction systems is significant research and development needed prior to deployment of lithium PFCs.