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Fusion Science and Technology
A day in the life of the nuclear community
The November issue of Nuclear News is focused on the individuals who make up our nuclear community.
We invited a small group of those individuals to tell us about their day-to-day work in some of the many occupations and applications of nuclear science and technology, and they responded generously. They were ready to tell us about the part they play, together with colleagues and team members, in supplying clean energy, advancing technology, protecting safety and health, and exploring fundamental science.
In these pages, we see a community that can celebrate both those workdays that record progress moving at a steady pace and the exceptional days when a goal is reached, a briefing is delivered, a contract goes through, a discovery is made, or an unforeseen challenge is overcome.
The Nuclear News staff hopes that you enjoy meeting these members of our community—or maybe get reacquainted with friends—through their words and photos.
Donato Lioce, Sergio Orlandi, Moustafa Moteleb, Andrea Ciampichetti, Lionel Afzali, Nicolas Ghirelli, Bin Guo, Marco Tomasello, Daniel Whitted, Marco Giammei, Seokho Kim, Walter Van Hove, Andrei Petrov
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 75 | Number 8 | November 2019 | Pages 841-848
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2019.1644135
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The tokamak cooling water system (TCWS) is the primary cooling system of the ITER tokamak machine, providing cooling water to the vacuum vessel and in-vacuum vessel components. In addition, it provides water and gas baking to its clients as well as drying them prior to maintenance activities. It is a Safety Important System that is subject to the French Order on Nuclear Pressure Equipment. The TCWS design has been modified significantly since the preliminary design. Such changes required the approval of the French Nuclear Safety Authority (ASN). The first main modification was to relocate the main equipment of the cooling loop for in-vessel components from level L4 to level L3 of the Tokamak Building in order to improve the overall building shielding capacities, and the second dealt with the ability of the TCWS to significantly reduce the mass and energy released in case of a loss-of-coolant accident (LOCA). This second improvement was required to allow a strong improvement of the vacuum vessel pressure suppression system (VVPSS), i.e., the system that prevents overpressure in the vacuum vessel in case of a LOCA. The green light for the two aforementioned modifications of the TCWS (together with the new VVPSS configuration) has been recently obtained from the ASN. Most recently, the three major subsystems of the TCWS needed for first plasma operations (to start the end of 2025) have passed the final design review process. The final design has been approved and procurement/manufacturing has started. In addition, the final design of all piping not functionally required for first plasma operation but nevertheless needed due to installation constraints has been reviewed and approved as well. A few kilometers of nuclear-grade piping have been delivered to the ITER Organization (IO) together with the main drain tanks of the system. All the other components are expected to be received on site starting May 2021. This paper gives a detailed description and status of the main TCWS subsystems needed for first plasma either because they are functionally required or because of installation constraints. The major modifications highlighted above as well as all the improvements accomplished in the final design are also detailed, together with a status on procurement and construction activities.