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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
A day in the life of the nuclear community
The November issue of Nuclear News is focused on the individuals who make up our nuclear community.
We invited a small group of those individuals to tell us about their day-to-day work in some of the many occupations and applications of nuclear science and technology, and they responded generously. They were ready to tell us about the part they play, together with colleagues and team members, in supplying clean energy, advancing technology, protecting safety and health, and exploring fundamental science.
In these pages, we see a community that can celebrate both those workdays that record progress moving at a steady pace and the exceptional days when a goal is reached, a briefing is delivered, a contract goes through, a discovery is made, or an unforeseen challenge is overcome.
The Nuclear News staff hopes that you enjoy meeting these members of our community—or maybe get reacquainted with friends—through their words and photos.
Eric Morris, Kevin F. Freudenberg, Leonard Myatt, Travis Reagan, Wayne Reiersen
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 75 | Number 8 | November 2019 | Pages 815-822
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2019.1629250
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The central solenoid (CS) consists of six large high field superconducting magnets (also known as modules) approximately 4 m in diameter and 2 m tall that weigh approximately 120 tonnes each. These large and complex modules create challenges during assembly of the CS that require the development of custom assembly tooling such as the CS lifting fixture. The CS module lifting fixture is designed to lift and stack the six CS modules in the assembly building on the ITER site. Because of its unique design, fabrication, and assembly features, no lifting attachments could be incorporated within or under the CS modules. This limitation motivated the development of a friction-based lift fixture. The design and evaluation of the CS module lifting fixture considered both worker safety and investment protection, and the assessments were performed to international codes and standards. The CS module lifting fixture consists of two principal subassemblies: spider assembly and ring weldment. These subassemblies allow the frictional force to be augmented by the mechanical advantage of shallow-angle wedges. Large radial preloads created by both screw jack assemblies and the weight of a CS module develop frictional forces capable of performing a lift with a safety factor of at least 2. The design effort resulted in the use of low friction linear bearings on angle surfaces to ensure constant pressure, integrated jacks for pretensioning the fixture prior to lifting, and load pin strain gauges for monitoring the normal force. Testing of various materials and surface treatments led to the selection of laminated aluminum and rubber pads as the friction interface on the CS lifting fixture side and a grit-blasted Nitronic 50 stainless steel band on the CS module side. A redundant lifting method using the module slings between the spider and module is also utilized after the initial friction lift. The CS lifting fixture provides a safe and reliable solution for lifting and stacking the CS module during assembly.