ANS is committed to advancing, fostering, and promoting the development and application of nuclear sciences and technologies to benefit society.
Explore the many uses for nuclear science and its impact on energy, the environment, healthcare, food, and more.
Education, Training & Workforce Development
The Education, Training & Workforce Development Division provides communication among the academic, industrial, and governmental communities through the exchange of views and information on matters related to education, training and workforce development in nuclear and radiological science, engineering, and technology. Industry leaders, education and training professionals, and interested students work together through Society-sponsored meetings and publications, to enrich their professional development, to educate the general public, and to advance nuclear and radiological science and engineering.
2022 ANS Winter Meeting and Technology Expo
November 13–17, 2022
Phoenix, AZ|Arizona Grand Resort
The Standards Committee is responsible for the development and maintenance of voluntary consensus standards that address the design, analysis, and operation of components, systems, and facilities related to the application of nuclear science and technology. Find out What’s New, check out the Standards Store, or Get Involved today!
Latest Magazine Issues
Latest Journal Issues
Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
DOE renews Portsmouth grant to Ohio University
The Department of Energy’s Office of Environmental Management has renewed a $2.5 million grant to Ohio University to support community redevelopment around the DOE’s Portsmouth Site. Since 2016, the DOE has provided a total of $8.2 million to the university for work with the communities.
The DOE grant, which began on October 1, will be administered over five years through September 30, 2027. A previous grant expired on September 30.
Thomas Rummel, Konrad Riße, Michael Nagel, Thomas Mönnich, Matthias Schneider, Frank Füllenbach, Hans-Stephan Bosch, the W7-X Team
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 75 | Number 8 | November 2019 | Pages 786-793
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2019.1629248
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The Wendelstein 7-X (W7-X) experimental fusion device went into operation in 2015 after intensive commissioning. Meanwhile, the third plasma operation phase started and ran until October 2018. W7-X has three magnet systems. The superconducting magnet system creates the main magnetic field of W7-X. It consists of 70 superconducting coils, divided into seven individual circuits with ten coils each. Seven equal power supplies provide the electrical current to power the magnets. Seven magnet protection systems are also part of the system. A magnet protection system allows fast discharge of the magnets in case of severe failures, e.g., a quench that means a sudden transition from the superconducting to the normal conducting state. A special sensor system, the quench detection system, checks the status of the magnets continuously. During each of the operation phases, the superconducting magnet system is kept under cryogenic conditions at about 4 K. For that, a helium refrigerator with total power of 7 kW at 4.5 K runs steady state 24/7. The second magnet system is the trim coil system, a set of five copper coils, placed at the outer side of the machine cryostat. The coils are powered by five identical power supplies. The third magnet system is the control coil system, a set of ten copper coils, placed inside of the plasma vessel behind the divertor targets. Ten 4-quadrant power supplies power each coil separately. The power supplies can deliver bidirectional direct currents and, as per request by the experimental program, an alternating current with adjustable frequencies between 1 and 20 Hz. An operation phase of W7-X comprises about 20 weeks. During the phase, the magnet systems are normally operated 2 or 3 days per week. The superconducting magnet system is usually switched on in the morning, kept energized during the day, and ramped down in the evening. This paper analyzes the operation phases, reports on the issues during the operation, and names countermeasures and improvements performed during the breaks between the operation phases.