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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
A day in the life of the nuclear community
The November issue of Nuclear News is focused on the individuals who make up our nuclear community.
We invited a small group of those individuals to tell us about their day-to-day work in some of the many occupations and applications of nuclear science and technology, and they responded generously. They were ready to tell us about the part they play, together with colleagues and team members, in supplying clean energy, advancing technology, protecting safety and health, and exploring fundamental science.
In these pages, we see a community that can celebrate both those workdays that record progress moving at a steady pace and the exceptional days when a goal is reached, a briefing is delivered, a contract goes through, a discovery is made, or an unforeseen challenge is overcome.
The Nuclear News staff hopes that you enjoy meeting these members of our community—or maybe get reacquainted with friends—through their words and photos.
Adrian S. Sabau, Kazutoshi Tokunaga, Michael G. Littleton, James O. Kiggans, Jr., Charles R. Schaich, Ralph B. Dinwiddie, Daniel T. Moore, Yoshio Ueda, Yutai Katoh
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 75 | Number 7 | October 2019 | Pages 690-701
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2019.1623571
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Assessing the effect of neutron irradiation of plasma-facing materials has been challenging due to both the technical and radiological challenges involved. In an effort to address the radiological challenges, a facility was developed to conduct high heat flux testing (HHFT) of inherently small samples of neutron-irradiated materials. A new line-focus reflector was designed and fabricated at Oak Ridge National Laboratory for a plasma-arc lamp (PAL) to attain a source heat flux of 12 MW/m2. The new reflector was fabricated with two ports for monitoring specimen condition during HHFT. At the same operational conditions for PAL, the absorbed heat flux in tungsten was increased from 1.39 MW/m2 with the uniform irradiance reflector to 5.12 MW/m2 for the line-focus reflector. This fourfold increase in the heat flux, at the same PAL electrode lifetimes, enabled cost-effective facility operation for a high number of cyclic high heat flux tests. Specifically, the test section is confined to a hemispherical dome, and specimens are bolted directly to a water-cooled copper alloy rod. Temperature measurement in the PAL facility was a main challenge due to a limited line of sight. For the first time in a PAL facility operating at high heat fluxes, the specimen surface temperature was directly measured during HHFT with a pyrometer. The HHFT data, which were obtained in this upgraded PAL facility, demonstrated the facility readiness for irradiated materials.