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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
A day in the life of the nuclear community
The November issue of Nuclear News is focused on the individuals who make up our nuclear community.
We invited a small group of those individuals to tell us about their day-to-day work in some of the many occupations and applications of nuclear science and technology, and they responded generously. They were ready to tell us about the part they play, together with colleagues and team members, in supplying clean energy, advancing technology, protecting safety and health, and exploring fundamental science.
In these pages, we see a community that can celebrate both those workdays that record progress moving at a steady pace and the exceptional days when a goal is reached, a briefing is delivered, a contract goes through, a discovery is made, or an unforeseen challenge is overcome.
The Nuclear News staff hopes that you enjoy meeting these members of our community—or maybe get reacquainted with friends—through their words and photos.
Yuri Igitkhanov, Boris Bazylev, Lorenzo Boccaccini
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 75 | Number 7 | October 2019 | Pages 642-646
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2019.1610291
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The impact of the edge-localized modes (ELMs) on the tungsten divertor erosion by taking into account the screening effect of vapor shielding is analyzed for DEMO steady-state operation condition. The evaluation of tungsten ablation, energy radiation, and absorption by divertor plate due to a single ELM impact is calculated by using a model of vapor shielding inserted in the MEMOS code. The effect of repetitive ELM impact and the tungsten melt layer formation is described by using the model of W monoblock with a compliance layer of Cu alloy between the W and EUROFER water cooling tube.
It is shown that the vapor plasma shielding results in saturation of the single ELM energy accumulated by the divertor plate and that the saturation level depends on the ELM duration. The ablation thickness can reach about 0.01 µm. The total number of ablated particles is rather critical for the shielding formation, and the lifetime of the divertor plate depends strongly on this effect.