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Fusion Science and Technology
CNSC vendor design review of eVinci microreactor to begin
Westinghouse's eVinci microreactor (Image: Westinghouse)
Westinghouse Electric Company has signed a service agreement with the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC) to bring the eVinci microreactor closer to commercialization, the company announced Tuesday. The agreement initiates a vendor design review (VDR)—a prelicensing technical assessment of a company’s reactor technology.
The objective of a VDR, according to the CNSC, is to verify the acceptability of a nuclear power plant design with respect to Canadian nuclear regulatory requirements and expectations, as well as Canadian codes and standards. The review also aims to identify fundamental barriers to licensing a new design in Canada and to assure that a resolution path exists for any design issues identified.
Yuri Igitkhanov, Boris Bazylev, Lorenzo Boccaccini
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 75 | Number 7 | October 2019 | Pages 642-646
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2019.1610291
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The impact of the edge-localized modes (ELMs) on the tungsten divertor erosion by taking into account the screening effect of vapor shielding is analyzed for DEMO steady-state operation condition. The evaluation of tungsten ablation, energy radiation, and absorption by divertor plate due to a single ELM impact is calculated by using a model of vapor shielding inserted in the MEMOS code. The effect of repetitive ELM impact and the tungsten melt layer formation is described by using the model of W monoblock with a compliance layer of Cu alloy between the W and EUROFER water cooling tube.
It is shown that the vapor plasma shielding results in saturation of the single ELM energy accumulated by the divertor plate and that the saturation level depends on the ELM duration. The ablation thickness can reach about 0.01 µm. The total number of ablated particles is rather critical for the shielding formation, and the lifetime of the divertor plate depends strongly on this effect.