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Fusion Science and Technology
A day in the life of the nuclear community
The November issue of Nuclear News is focused on the individuals who make up our nuclear community.
We invited a small group of those individuals to tell us about their day-to-day work in some of the many occupations and applications of nuclear science and technology, and they responded generously. They were ready to tell us about the part they play, together with colleagues and team members, in supplying clean energy, advancing technology, protecting safety and health, and exploring fundamental science.
In these pages, we see a community that can celebrate both those workdays that record progress moving at a steady pace and the exceptional days when a goal is reached, a briefing is delivered, a contract goes through, a discovery is made, or an unforeseen challenge is overcome.
The Nuclear News staff hopes that you enjoy meeting these members of our community—or maybe get reacquainted with friends—through their words and photos.
R. H. Goulding, P. A. Piotrowicz, C. J. Beers, T. M. Biewer, J. F. Caneses, J. B. O. Caughman, N. Kafle, E. G. Lindquist, H. A. Ray, J. Rapp, M. A. Showers
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 75 | Number 7 | October 2019 | Pages 614-620
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2019.1623569
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Ion cyclotron heating (ICH) at a frequency in the 6- to 9-MHz range with electron heating in the 28- to 105-GHz range will be used in the Material Plasma Exposure eXperiment (MPEX) to greatly increase the energy of the plasma stream produced by the helicon plasma source. ICH was chosen over substrate biasing to produce energetic ions because it can more accurately reproduce plasma-material interactions in a fusion device. For instance, when the target is tilted with respect to the background magnetic field during ICH, a magnetic presheath is created so that redeposition phenomena as in a tokamak divertor can be better approximated. ICH experiments were conducted on the Proto-MPEX device, which was developed to provide a physics basis upon which MPEX is designed. In this paper we describe some of these experiments in which the previous fixed graphite target was replaced by a movable stainless steel target. With the new target, the strong, monotonic decrease in ion temperature observed previously as a function of axial distance between the ion cyclotron resonance region and the target was not observed. Instead, only a small drop was seen within ~1 cm of the target. The ion temperatures were determined spectroscopically, utilizing Doppler broadening measurements of an Ar II line, in a plasma that is 90% deuterium and 10% argon. Measurements were obtained using optical fibers at a fixed location, with the target moving perpendicularly relative to the viewing chords. Comparisons with previous results will be discussed, including observed plasma parameters Ti, Te, and ne, and heat flux at the target.