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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
A day in the life of the nuclear community
The November issue of Nuclear News is focused on the individuals who make up our nuclear community.
We invited a small group of those individuals to tell us about their day-to-day work in some of the many occupations and applications of nuclear science and technology, and they responded generously. They were ready to tell us about the part they play, together with colleagues and team members, in supplying clean energy, advancing technology, protecting safety and health, and exploring fundamental science.
In these pages, we see a community that can celebrate both those workdays that record progress moving at a steady pace and the exceptional days when a goal is reached, a briefing is delivered, a contract goes through, a discovery is made, or an unforeseen challenge is overcome.
The Nuclear News staff hopes that you enjoy meeting these members of our community—or maybe get reacquainted with friends—through their words and photos.
D. L. Youchison, J. W. Coenen, T. K. Gray, A. Lumsdaine, J. W. Klett, B. Jolly, M. Gehrig, S. Brezinsek, M. Rasinski
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 75 | Number 6 | August 2019 | Pages 551-557
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2019.1607706
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
High-density graphitic foam is an ideal low-Z plasma-facing material for deuterium-deuterium plasma experiments where tritium codeposition is not an issue. However, like all carbon, graphitic foam suffers from a precipitous drop in thermal conductivity at high temperatures, >600°C. To mitigate these problems, functionally graded layers of tungsten can be deposited to a thickness of 2 to 4 mm onto the plasma side of the foam using chemical vapor deposition. The graphitic foam then acts as a high-conductivity heat sink at temperatures below 600°C for the thin high-Z armor coating. The overall component weighs 18 times less than a comparable volume of tungsten and lacks the coefficient of thermal expansion joining issues between the CuCrZr tubing and the tungsten. This paper discusses the coating development and characterization and presents the results of recent plasma exposures in W7-X. It also reports on computational fluid dynamics heat transfer modeling and preparations for high heat flux testing of mock-ups. This hybrid plasma-facing component (PFC) consisting of innovative engineered materials may be a cost-effective, actively cooled solution for the divertors and other PFCs in long-pulse machines like W7-X and WEST.