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Fusion Science and Technology
Finding fusion’s place
Fusion energy is attracting significant interest from governments and private capital markets. The deployment of fusion energy on a timeline that will affect climate change and offer another tool for energy security will require support from stakeholders, regulators, and policymakers around the world. Without broad support, fusion may fail to reach its potential as a “game-changing” technology to make a meaningful difference in addressing the twin challenges of climate change and geopolitical energy security.
The process of developing the necessary policy and regulatory support is already underway around the world. Leaders in the United States, the United Kingdom, the European Union, China, and elsewhere are engaging with the key issues and will lead the way in setting the foundation for a global fusion industry.
Matthew J. Jasica, Gerald L. Kulcinski, John F. Santarius
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 75 | Number 6 | August 2019 | Pages 526-532
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2019.1602397
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The ITER divertor will feature tungsten monoblocks as the plasma-facing component (PFC) that will be subject to extreme temperature and radiation environments. This paper reports the development of surface morphologies on tungsten under helium bombardment at high temperatures, which has important implications for safety, retention, and PFC erosion. Polycrystalline tungsten samples were implanted in the Dual Advanced Ion Simultaneous Implantation Experiment dual-beam ion implantation experiment at the University of Wisconsin-Madison with He-only and simultaneous He-D implantation at incidence angles of 55 deg, ion energies of 30 keV, and surface temperatures of 900°C to 1100°C. Morphologies resulting from angled incidence conditions differed from those produced under normal incidence bombardment at similar energy and temperature conditions in previous work. A variety of ordered and disordered morphologies dependent on grain orientation were observed for fluences up to 6 × 1018 He cm−2. These morphologies displayed dependencies on crystal orientation at low fluences and incident beam directions at higher fluences. These structures appeared, with variation, under both single-species He and mixed He-D implantations.