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The objectives of MSTD are: promote the advancement of materials science in Nuclear Science Technology; support the multidisciplines which constitute it; encourage research by providing a forum for the presentation, exchange, and documentation of relevant information; promote the interaction and communication among its members; and recognize and reward its members for significant contributions to the field of materials science in nuclear technology.
Materials in Nuclear Energy Systems (MiNES 2023)
December 10–14, 2023
New Orleans, LA|New Orleans Marriott
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Eisenhower’s “Atoms for Peace” at 70
Seventy years ago to the day, President Dwight D. Eisenhower gave his historic address to the United Nations General Assembly in New York City. (See December 2023 Nuclear News's “Leaders” column to read the reflections of Kathryn Huff, the Department of Energy’s assistant secretary for nuclear energy, on the speech’s anniversary.)
Seonghee Hong, Myunghyun Kim
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 75 | Number 6 | August 2019 | Pages 466-478
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2019.1609820
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
To enhance the practical application of a fusion-driven subcritical reactor, a system with constant fusion power by online feeding of molten salt fuel was designed. The system satisfies multiple purposes including waste transmutation, tritium breeding (TB), and energy multiplication (EM) through constant fusion power. All neutronic calculations were performed by SERPENT2.1.29 with the ENDF/B-VII.0 neutron cross-section library in order to simulate the online-feeding process.
A constant k-eff is maintained by the amount of the feeding being larger than the amount of the removed fission products. However, system performance is significantly improved by just reducting the reactivity swing with the feeding. Compared to a once-through cycle (OTC), the performance of TB and EM is significantly improved as the feeding rate increases. However, there is no deep burning effect like the OTC for waste transmutation.
The performance of waste transmutation is changed in the feeding scenarios. For the scenario with a high plutonium ratio, transmutation with plutonium is increased. On the other hand, for the feeding scenario with a high minor actinide ratio, transuranic waste is burned. However, the transmutation performance is degraded due to a low fission-to-capture ratio.