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Fusion Science and Technology
A day in the life of the nuclear community
The November issue of Nuclear News is focused on the individuals who make up our nuclear community.
We invited a small group of those individuals to tell us about their day-to-day work in some of the many occupations and applications of nuclear science and technology, and they responded generously. They were ready to tell us about the part they play, together with colleagues and team members, in supplying clean energy, advancing technology, protecting safety and health, and exploring fundamental science.
In these pages, we see a community that can celebrate both those workdays that record progress moving at a steady pace and the exceptional days when a goal is reached, a briefing is delivered, a contract goes through, a discovery is made, or an unforeseen challenge is overcome.
The Nuclear News staff hopes that you enjoy meeting these members of our community—or maybe get reacquainted with friends—through their words and photos.
Georgeta Radulescu, Katherine E. Royston, Stephen C. Wilson, Walter Van Hove, David E. Williamson, Seokho H. Kim
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 75 | Number 6 | August 2019 | Pages 452-457
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2019.1589205
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Heat generated in the ITER fusion reactor is deposited in the tokamak vacuum vessel, in-vessel components, and in the components of the neutral beam injector during plasma operations and during subsequent decay of activation products. This heat is managed by the tokamak cooling water system (TCWS). The stainless steel material in the integrated loop of blanket edge-localized mode vertical stabilization coils and divertor (IBED) components (e.g., piping, heat exchangers (HXs), and pumps) contains activation sources because of its exposure primarily to neutron radiation from the decay of 17N, which is a short-lived radionuclide produced by neutron capture reactions with oxygen nuclei in the IBED primary heat transfer system (PHTS) cooling water during plasma operations. A detailed geometry model of the IBED stainless steel components and neutron radiation sources is required for an accurate assessment of the gamma activation sources on level 3 of the tokamak building. In the baseline design, each of the eight IBED PHTS cooling trains has two shell-and-tube heat exchangers (HXs) connected in series. Because these HXs are very large and contain a large amount of radioactive water, the possibility of using compact HXs of the welded shell-and-plate type is under investigation. This paper presents two Monte Carlo N-Particle (MCNP) TCWS geometry models, one model for each HX type, along with the associated piping. These models were obtained by automatic geometry conversion from TCWS computer-aided design models. The TCWS geometry models and neutron source definitions were incorporated into a baseline MCNP model of the Tokamak Complex.