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This division promotes the development and timely introduction of fusion energy as a sustainable energy source with favorable economic, environmental, and safety attributes. The division cooperates with other organizations on common issues of multidisciplinary fusion science and technology, conducts professional meetings, and disseminates technical information in support of these goals. Members focus on the assessment and resolution of critical developmental issues for practical fusion energy applications.
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Fusion Science and Technology
A day in the life of the nuclear community
The November issue of Nuclear News is focused on the individuals who make up our nuclear community.
We invited a small group of those individuals to tell us about their day-to-day work in some of the many occupations and applications of nuclear science and technology, and they responded generously. They were ready to tell us about the part they play, together with colleagues and team members, in supplying clean energy, advancing technology, protecting safety and health, and exploring fundamental science.
In these pages, we see a community that can celebrate both those workdays that record progress moving at a steady pace and the exceptional days when a goal is reached, a briefing is delivered, a contract goes through, a discovery is made, or an unforeseen challenge is overcome.
The Nuclear News staff hopes that you enjoy meeting these members of our community—or maybe get reacquainted with friends—through their words and photos.
D. Elbèze, D. van Houtte, E. Delchambre
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 75 | Number 5 | July 2019 | Pages 405-411
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2019.1603534
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
In the Reliability, Availability, Maintainability, and Inspectability (RAMI) engineering approach used in nuclear fusion research, criticality identifies the failure modes that have the greatest impact on the availability of the studied system. Criticality is expressed as the product of the occurrence level with the severity level of failure modes. The analytical calculation shows that this formulation is equivalent to their availability provided that the duty cycle of basic functions is introduced to adjust the occurrence and the scales of occurrence and severity are homogeneous.
To consolidate the results obtained with a Reliability Block Diagram analysis, we performed a probabilistic study using an advanced Monte Carlo simulation code: the Primavera® Quantitative Schedule Risk Analysis. This method associates failure modes with conditional activities in a schedule and provides the density distribution of failures and tornado graphs to identify the highest criticality failures.
Statistical tests were performed for two operational systems, and we showed that the criticality evaluated with the RAMI approach was in good agreement with the results of the other methods. Thus, in many cases, the analytical formulas can be used during the Failure Mode, Effects, and Criticality Analysis to quickly assess availability by using a spreadsheet.