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Isotopes & Radiation
Members are devoted to applying nuclear science and engineering technologies involving isotopes, radiation applications, and associated equipment in scientific research, development, and industrial processes. Their interests lie primarily in education, industrial uses, biology, medicine, and health physics. Division committees include Analytical Applications of Isotopes and Radiation, Biology and Medicine, Radiation Applications, Radiation Sources and Detection, and Thermal Power Sources.
2021 Student Conference
April 8–10, 2021
North Carolina State University|Raleigh Marriott City Center
The Standards Committee is responsible for the development and maintenance of voluntary consensus standards that address the design, analysis, and operation of components, systems, and facilities related to the application of nuclear science and technology. Find out What’s New, check out the Standards Store, or Get Involved today!
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
A day in the life of the nuclear community
The November issue of Nuclear News is focused on the individuals who make up our nuclear community.
We invited a small group of those individuals to tell us about their day-to-day work in some of the many occupations and applications of nuclear science and technology, and they responded generously. They were ready to tell us about the part they play, together with colleagues and team members, in supplying clean energy, advancing technology, protecting safety and health, and exploring fundamental science.
In these pages, we see a community that can celebrate both those workdays that record progress moving at a steady pace and the exceptional days when a goal is reached, a briefing is delivered, a contract goes through, a discovery is made, or an unforeseen challenge is overcome.
The Nuclear News staff hopes that you enjoy meeting these members of our community—or maybe get reacquainted with friends—through their words and photos.
Yasunori Iwai, Yuki Edao, Rie Kurata, Kanetsugu Isobe
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 75 | Number 5 | July 2019 | Pages 399-404
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2019.1600932
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
A detritiation system (DS) is required to remove tritium from the atmosphere of a nuclear containment in any extraordinary situations. Realization of a DS that does not require heating of a catalyst reactor for tritium oxidation and frequent switching operation of adsorption columns for tritiated vapor collection will greatly contribute to the improvement of fusion safety. Concerning the catalyst reactor, it has been demonstrated that tritium can be oxidized at room temperature without any heating by the developed hydrophobic catalyst. To achieve a high tritium conversion efficiency for detritiation, it has already been revealed that suppression of production of tritiated hydrocarbons by hydrogenation reactions as side reactions of tritium oxidation in a catalyst reactor is the key issue to be solved. We have to pay special attention to ethylene among hydrocarbons because ethylene is easily tritiated by reaction of hydrogenation. In this study, complete combustion of ethylene at room temperature in the catalyst reactor is proposed as a measure to suppress the formation of tritiated hydrocarbons. Catalytic combustion characteristics of hydrocarbons were obtained, and the change in the ignition temperature by a change in each design parameter of the catalyst was demonstrated. Concerning noble metal species, platinum is superior to palladium due to less susceptibility to water vapor. The smaller the particle size of noble metal is, the higher the activity is, but because it is more susceptible to water vapor, the particle size of noble metal can be optimized. It was suggested that there is an optimum value for the pore size of the catalytic support.