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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
A day in the life of the nuclear community
The November issue of Nuclear News is focused on the individuals who make up our nuclear community.
We invited a small group of those individuals to tell us about their day-to-day work in some of the many occupations and applications of nuclear science and technology, and they responded generously. They were ready to tell us about the part they play, together with colleagues and team members, in supplying clean energy, advancing technology, protecting safety and health, and exploring fundamental science.
In these pages, we see a community that can celebrate both those workdays that record progress moving at a steady pace and the exceptional days when a goal is reached, a briefing is delivered, a contract goes through, a discovery is made, or an unforeseen challenge is overcome.
The Nuclear News staff hopes that you enjoy meeting these members of our community—or maybe get reacquainted with friends—through their words and photos.
Kenji Tobita, Ryoji Hiwatari, Yoshiteru Sakamoto, Youji Someya, Nobuyuki Asakura, Hiroyasu Utoh, Yuya Miyoshi, Shinsuke Tokunaga, Yuki Homma, Satoshi Kakudate, Noriyoshi Nakajima, the Joint Special Design Team for Fusion DEMO
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 75 | Number 5 | July 2019 | Pages 372-383
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2019.1600931
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
This paper summarizes the evolution of Japanese DEMO design studies in a retrospective manner by highlighting efforts to resolve critical design issues on DEMO. Japan is currently working on the conceptual study of a steady-state DEMO (JA DEMO) with a major radius Rp of 8.5 m and fusion power Pfus of 1.5 to 2 GW based on water-cooled solid breeding blanket with pressurized water reactor water condition (290ºC to 325ºC, 15.5 MPa). Such a lower Pfus allows to find realistic design solutions for divertor heat removal. Recognizing that divertor heat removal is one of the most challenging issues on DEMO, the divertor design has been carried out in different approaches, including numerical divertor plasma simulation, magnetic configurations, heat sink design, etc. It is noteworthy that the latest divertor simulation led to a design window allowing divertor heat removal of the peak heat flux of <10 MW/m2. The breeding blanket (BB) design has been concentrated on simplification of the internal structure and pressure tightness of the BB casing against the in-box loss-of-coolant accident. Due to a large amount of radioactive waste generated in periodic replacement of in-vessel components, downsizing of waste-related facilities has come to be regarded as a significant design issue. A possible waste management for reducing temporary waste storage was proposed, and its impact on the plant layout was assessed.