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Fusion Science and Technology
Finding fusion’s place
Fusion energy is attracting significant interest from governments and private capital markets. The deployment of fusion energy on a timeline that will affect climate change and offer another tool for energy security will require support from stakeholders, regulators, and policymakers around the world. Without broad support, fusion may fail to reach its potential as a “game-changing” technology to make a meaningful difference in addressing the twin challenges of climate change and geopolitical energy security.
The process of developing the necessary policy and regulatory support is already underway around the world. Leaders in the United States, the United Kingdom, the European Union, China, and elsewhere are engaging with the key issues and will lead the way in setting the foundation for a global fusion industry.
Ghanshyam Thakur, Raju Khanal, Bijoyendra Narayan
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 75 | Number 4 | May 2019 | Pages 324-329
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2019.1579623
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
In this work, plasma is produced by arc discharge between two copper electrodes and is characterized by a movable single probe and a double Langmuir probe. The movable Langmuir single-probe technique has a reference point since it is biased with reference to one of the electrodes of the plasma-producing system. In some situations such as radio-frequency discharges, no reference point is available to bias the movable single probe. In the double-probe method, each probe is biased with respect to each other and allowed to move through the arc plasma. Depending on the magnitude of the biasing potential, charges are collected by the probes, and the probe current flowing to the circuit is calculated. After that, we obtain the electron temperature and plasma density of the arc plasma. By using the double-probe method, the value of the plasma density is more precise than with the single-probe method. Hence, the double-probe method is more appropriate than the single-probe method.