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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
A day in the life of the nuclear community
The November issue of Nuclear News is focused on the individuals who make up our nuclear community.
We invited a small group of those individuals to tell us about their day-to-day work in some of the many occupations and applications of nuclear science and technology, and they responded generously. They were ready to tell us about the part they play, together with colleagues and team members, in supplying clean energy, advancing technology, protecting safety and health, and exploring fundamental science.
In these pages, we see a community that can celebrate both those workdays that record progress moving at a steady pace and the exceptional days when a goal is reached, a briefing is delivered, a contract goes through, a discovery is made, or an unforeseen challenge is overcome.
The Nuclear News staff hopes that you enjoy meeting these members of our community—or maybe get reacquainted with friends—through their words and photos.
A. S. Ivanova, A. N. Bukin, S. A. Marunich, Yu. S. Pak, A. N. Perevezentsev, M. B. Rozenkevich
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 75 | Number 1 | January 2019 | Pages 24-35
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2018.1499396
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Operation of atmosphere detritiation systems during fire in confinement sector with tritium inventory at risk presents a concern for catalytic reactor to operate in thermally unstable regime. Catalytic oxidation of organic compounds commonly released during fire occurs through reactions with high heat effect and can cause uncontrollable increasing temperature in reactor. Under certain conditions self-ignition of fume gas will start and continue in regime of gas-phase reaction at very high temperature with flame propagating in direction opposite to gas flow. As a result, catalytic reactor loses its operability and presents an intrinsic hazard for atmosphere detritiation system. This study assesses the impact of various parameters, such as heat effect, rate and activation energy of catalytic chemical reaction, and concentration of hydrocarbons on probability of catalytic reactor falling into thermally unstable regime. Experimental tests with catalytic oxidation of fume gases produced by combustion of polymeric insulation materials of electrical cables confirmed results of the assessment and allowed to identify conditions for catalytic reactor to operate in thermally unstable regime. To mitigate the probability of such event, arrangement for catalytic reactors in atmosphere detritiation system shall be changed. Various options are reviewed.