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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
Neutron noise monitoring during plant operation expedites flexure replacement at Salem-1
The nuclear industry has historically relied on intermittent ultrasonic test and visual inspections of pressurized water reactor components to identify and manage degradation. While this reactive approach has proven to be effective, imagine a scenario in which the degradation could propagate throughout the reactor internals, making a more proactive measure necessary to avoid a major enterprise risk to the plant. Could a utility identify the onset of degradation within the reactor internals during plant operation? If so, could a repair be developed prior to the next refueling outage to prevent additional, cascading degradation? That is exactly the situation that Public Service Enterprise Group (PSEG) and Westinghouse engineers were able to navigate over the course of the 2019–2020 operating cycle at Salem Unit 1, resulting in a tremendous success for the plant and a historic landmark in the nuclear industry, while earning the team a 2021 Nuclear Energy Institute Top Innovative Practice (TIP) award.
Yuefeng Qiu, Ulrich Fischer
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 74 | Number 4 | November 2018 | Pages 406-411
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2018.1500847
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Global neutron flux and dose maps for the test cell (TC) of the IFMIF-DONES (International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility–DEMO Oriented NEutron Source) have been calculated applying the advanced variance reduction tool ADVANTG. The neutronics model of the TC has been updated to the current IFMIF-DONES design of the target assembly, the high flux test module, and the lithium quench tank as well as the TC surrounding rooms. A weight-window (WW) mesh has been produced using ADVANTG with the well-configured setups for IFMIF-DONES conditions. This WW mesh has been adjusted to achieve reasonably good statistics for the global flux mesh tally. It is concluded that the thickness of the beam upstream and lateral wall can be reduced by 0.5 m without strongly affecting the shielding performance. The neutron streaming through the gaps of the shielding plugs to the access cell above the TC requires local shielding to allow frequent access during operation.