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Fusion Science and Technology
Cs-137 sealed source lost in Western Australia
A rendering of the sealed source capsule’s appearance. (Image: DFES)
Authorities are searching 1,400 kilometers (870 miles) of Australia’s Great Northern Highway, between Perth and the remote town of Newman, for a lost sealed-source capsule containing cesium-137. The source was part of a density gauge used by mining company Rio Tinto at its mining operations in Western Australia.
The Department of Fire and Emergency Services (DFES) of Western Australia reported that the density gauge containing a 6-mm-diameter (0.24-inch-diameter) by 8-mm-height (0.31-inch-height) source capsule was sent by flatbed truck to Perth for repair, leaving Rio Tinto’s Gudai-Darri mine site in Western Australia on January 12 and arriving in Perth on January 16. The package containing the gauge, however, was not inspected until January 25.
Upon opening the package, it was found that the gauge was broken apart with one of four mounting bolts missing. The source itself and all screws on the gauge were also missing. It is assumed that vibrations from the truck broke the gauge apart and allowed the screws and capsule to fall through the bolt hole and away from the truck. DFES said they were notified of the loss on the evening of January 25.
Katherine E. Royston, Seth R. Johnson, Thomas M. Evans, Scott W. Mosher, Jonathan Naish, Bor Kos
Fusion Science and Technology | Volume 74 | Number 4 | November 2018 | Pages 303-314
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.1080/15361055.2018.1504508
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Fusion energy systems pose unique challenges to the modeling and simulation community. These challenges must be met to ensure the success of the ITER experimental fusion reactor. ITER’s complex systems require detailed modeling that goes beyond the scale of comparable simulations to date. In this work, the Denovo radiation transport code was used to calculate neutron fluence and kerma for the JET streaming benchmark. This work was performed on the Titan supercomputer at the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility. Denovo is a novel three-dimensional discrete ordinates transport code designed to be highly scalable. Sensitivity studies have been completed to examine the impact of several deterministic parameters. Results were compared against experiment as well as the MCNP and Shift Monte Carlo codes.